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Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Latin American adolescents: a multilevel analysis

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Autor(es):
de Moraes, A. C. F. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] ; Musso, C. [6] ; Graffigna, M. N. [6] ; Soutelo, J. [6] ; Migliano, M. [6] ; Carvalho, H. B. [2] ; Berg, G. [6, 7]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] PUC PR, GEPECIN Sci Nutr Grp Res, Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[3] UNIZAR, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev, Zaragoza - Spain
[4] UNESP, GICRAF Sci Res Grp Related Phys Act, Presidente Prudente - Brazil
[5] Univ Zaragoza, Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Physiatry & Nursing, Zaragoza - Spain
[6] Argentina Soc Endocrinol & Metab, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[7] Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Pharm & Biochem, Dept Clin Biochem, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION; v. 28, n. 3, p. 206-209, MAR 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

High blood pressure (HBP) and obesity is a well-established major risk factor for stroke and coronary heart disease. However, the literatures are scarce about these informations in adolescents from low-and-middle income countries. This school-based survey was carried out among students from Maringa (Brazil) and Buenos Aires (Argentina) selected random sampling. We studied 991 Brazilian adolescents (54.5% girls) in the age range of 14-18 years. In Argentina, we studied 933 adolescents (45.9% female) in the age range of 11-17 years. The outcomes of this study are general obesity, abdominal obesity and HBP. The associated factors analysed were gender, age and health behaviours. The prevalence of obesity was 5.8% in Brazil and 2.8% in Argentina, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was 32.7% in Brazil and 11.1% in Argentina, the prevalence of HBP was 14.9% in Brazil and 13.5% in Argentina. The multilevel analysis showed that older adolescents (> 14 years old) have a little likelihood of being overweight, whereas male adolescents are more likely to be obese and have HBP. The abdominal obesity in both indicators were not associated with the independent variables. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is high in Latin American adolescents independent of each country, and was associated with male gender. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/11137-1 - Pressão arterial elevada e agregação de fatores de risco em adolescentes: um estudo multicêntrico
Beneficiário:Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/20662-2 - Pressão arterial elevada e agregação de fatores de risco em adolescentes: um estudo multicêntrico
Beneficiário:Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado