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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

BMP-2 and-4 produced by vascular smooth muscle cells from atherosclerotic lesions induce monocyte chemotaxis through direct BMPRII activation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Simoes Sato, Alex Yuri [1, 2] ; Bub, Guilherme Linhares [1, 2] ; Campos, Alexandre Holthausen [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Ctr Pesquisa Expt, BR-05651901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ATHEROSCLEROSIS; v. 235, n. 1, p. 45-55, JUL 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Objective: Monocytes and macrophages, together with vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), play key roles at all stages of atherogenesis. There is also growing evidence that BMP signaling is involved in vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. Here we evaluate the role played by the BMP agonist/antagonist axis in monocyte recruitment during atherogenesis. Methods and results: Using ApoE-/- mice and BMPs, Gremlin and BMPRII siRNAs we show that BMPs (2 and 4) and their antagonist Gremlin are co-expressed in murine and human atherosclerotic vessels. Additionally, those genes are co-expressed and upregulated in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells early in atherosclerosis formation in Apo / mice. Furthermore, we demonstrate that BMP-2 and -4 produced in atherosclerotic VSMCs promote, whereas Gremlin inhibits, monocyte chemoattraction. Finally, we demonstrate that chemotaxis induction occurs through direct BMP receptor II (BMPRII) activation. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the balance between BMPs (2 and 4) and Gremlin levels modulate crosstalk processes between vascular and immune cells and ultimately the homeostasis in normal vasculature. They also indicate that under pro-atherogenic conditions, BMP signaling prevails, favoring monocyte recruitment and inflammation. Manipulation of BMP signaling may enable the identification of novel molecular approaches for preventing, stabilizing, and reverting atherosclerosis. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/00410-9 - Análise in vitro e in vivo do papel do gene Gremlin, um antagonista da via TGF-beta/BMP, na formação das lesões ateroscleróticas em camundongos APOE-/-: um estudo sobre o fenótipo de células de musculatura lisa vascular
Beneficiário:Alex Yuri Simões Sato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/09432-5 - Análise in vitro e in vivo do papel do Gremlin, um antagonista da via TGF-beta/BMP, na formação das lesões ateroscleróticas em camundongos ApoE-/-: um estudo sobre o fenótipo de células de musculatura lisa vascular
Beneficiário:Alexandre Holthausen Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular