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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Role of the autonomic nervous system and baroreflex in stress-evoked cardiovascular responses in rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
dos Reis, Daniel Gustavo [1] ; Trindade Fortaleza, Eduardo Albino [1] ; Tavares, Rodrigo Fiacadori [1] ; Aguiar Correa, Fernando Morgan [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: STRESS-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON THE BIOLOGY OF STRESS; v. 17, n. 4, p. 362-372, JUL 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 19
Resumo

Restraint stress (RS) is an experimental model to study stress-related cardiovascular responses, characterized by sustained pressor and tachycardiac responses. We used pharmacologic and surgical procedures to investigate the role played by sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) in the mediation of stress-evoked cardiovascular responses. Ganglionic blockade with pentolinium significantly reduced RS-evoked pressor and tachycardiac responses. Intravenous treatment with homatropine methyl bromide did not affect the pressor response but increased tachycardia. Pretreatment with prazosin reduced the pressor and increased the tachycardiac response. Pretreatment with atenolol did not affect the pressor response but reduced tachycardia. The combined treatment with atenolol and prazosin reduced both pressor and tachycardiac responses. Adrenal demedullation reduced the pressor response without affecting tachycardia. Sinoaortic denervation increased pressor and tachycardiac responses. The results indicate that: (1) the RS-evoked cardiovascular response is mediated by the autonomic nervous system without an important involvement of humoral factors; (2) hypertension results primarily from sympathovascular and sympathoadrenal activation, without a significant involvement of the cardiac sympathetic component (CSNS); (3) the abrupt initial peak in the hypertensive response to restraint is sympathovascular-mediated, whereas the less intense but sustained hypertensive response observed throughout the remaining restraint session is mainly mediated by sympathoadrenal activation and epinephrine release; (4) tachycardia results from CSNS activation, and not from PSNS inhibition; (5) RS evokes simultaneous CSNS and PSNS activation, and heart rate changes are a vector of both influences; (6) the baroreflex is functional during restraint, and modulates both the vascular and cardiac responses to restraint. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/18556-2 - Envolvimento do sistema glutamatérgico dos núcleos paraventricular e supra-óptico na modulação do sistema cardiovascular e na liberação de vasopressina e ocitocina em ratos submetidos ao estímulo osmótico.
Beneficiário:Eduardo Albino Trindade Fortaleza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/21921-1 - Participação do córtex pré-frontal medial nos processos de reconsolidação e extinção da memória aversiva condicionada em ratos: possível interação entre e a via glutamato - óxido nítrico e os endocanabinóides
Beneficiário:Daniel Gustavo dos Reis
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado