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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Vitamin D Induces Increased Systolic Arterial Pressure via Vascular Reactivity and Mechanical Properties

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Autor(es):
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dos Santos, Priscila Portugal [1] ; Murino Rafacho, Bruna Paola [1] ; Goncalves, Andrea de Freitas [1] ; Jaldin, Rodrigo Gibin [2] ; do Nascimento, Thiago Bruder [3] ; Barbosa Silva, Marcondes Alves [3] ; Assis Cau, Stefany Bruno [3] ; Roscani, Meliza Goi [1] ; Azevedo, Paula Schimdt [1] ; Minicucci, Marcos Ferreira [1] ; Tostes, Rita de Cassia [3] ; Memede Zornoff, Leonardo Antonio [1] ; Rupp de Paiva, Sergio Alberto [1]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Internal Med, Botucatu Med Sch, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Surg & Orthopaed, Botucatu Med Sch, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto USP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 6 JUN 12 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether supplementation of high doses of cholecalciferol for two months in normotensive rats results in increased systolic arterial pressure and which are the mechanisms involved. Specifically, this study assesses the potential effect on cardiac output as well as the changes in aortic structure and functional properties. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: 1) Control group (C, n = 20), with no supplementation of vitamin D, 2) VD3 (n = 19), supplemented with 3,000 IU vitamin D/kg of chow; 3) VD10 (n = 21), supplemented with 10,000 IU vitamin D/kg of chow. After two months, echocardiographic analyses, measurements of systolic arterial pressure (SAP), vascular reactivity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, mechanical properties, histological analysis and metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activity were performed. Results: SAP was higher in VD3 and VD10 than in C rats (p = 0.001). Echocardiographic variables were not different among groups. Responses to phenylephrine in endothelium-denuded aortas was higher in VD3 compared to the C group (p = 0.041). Vascular relaxation induced by acetylcholine (p = 0.023) and sodium nitroprusside (p = 0.005) was impaired in both supplemented groups compared to the C group and apocynin treatment reversed impaired vasodilation. Collagen volume fraction (<0.001) and MMP-2 activity (p = 0.025) was higher in VD10 group compared to the VD3 group. Elastin volume fraction was lower in VD10 than in C and yield point was lower in VD3 than in C. Conclusion: Our findings support the view that vitamin D supplementation increases arterial pressure in normotensive rats and this is associated with structural and functional vascular changes, modulated by NADPH oxidase, nitric oxide, and extracellular matrix components. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/56489-0 - Influência da suplementação da dieta com diferentes doses de vitamina D sobre variáveis cardíacas em ratos
Beneficiário:Priscila Portugal dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado