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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

NADPH oxidase hyperactivity induces plantaris atrophy in heart failure rats

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Autor(es):
Bechara, Luiz R. G. [1] ; Moreira, Jose B. N. [1, 2] ; Jannig, Paulo R. [1] ; Voltarelli, Vanessa A. [1] ; Dourado, Paulo M. [3] ; Vasconcelos, Andrea R. [4] ; Scavone, Cristoforo [4] ; Ramires, Paulo R. [1] ; Brum, Patricia C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Educ Fis & Esporte, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, KG Jebsen Ctr Exercise Med, Trondheim - Norway
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Heart, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY; v. 175, n. 3, p. 499-507, AUG 20 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 31
Resumo

Background: Skeletal muscle wasting is associated with poor prognosis and increased mortality in heart failure (HF) patients. Glycolytic muscles are more susceptible to catabolic wasting than oxidative ones. This is particularly important in HF since glycolytic muscle wasting is associated with increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the main ROS sources involved in muscle redox imbalance in HF have not been characterized. Therefore, we hypothesized that NADPH oxidases would be hyperactivated in the plantaris muscle of infarcted rats, contributing to oxidative stress and hyperactivation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system(UPS), ultimately leading to atrophy. Methods: Rats were submitted to myocardial infarction (MI) or Sham surgery. Four weeks after surgery, MI and Sham groups underwent eight weeks of treatment with apocynin, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, or placebo. NADPH oxidase activity, oxidative stress markers, NF-kappa B activity, p38 MAPK phosphorylation, mRNA and sarcolemmal protein levels of NADPH oxidase components, UPS activation and fiber cross-sectional area were assessed in the plantaris muscle. Results: The plantaris of MI rats displayed atrophy associated with increased Nox2 mRNA and sarcolemmal protein levels, NADPH oxidase activity, ROS production, lipid hydroperoxides levels, NF-kappa B activity, p38 MAPK phosphorylation and UPS activation. NADPH oxidase inhibition by apocynin prevented MI-induced skeletal muscle atrophy by reducing ROS production, NF-kappa B hyperactivation, p38 MAPK phosphorylation and proteasomal hyperactivity. Conclusion: Our data provide evidence for NADPH oxidase hyperactivation as an important source of ROS production leading to plantaris atrophy in heart failure rats, suggesting that this enzyme complex plays key role in skeletal muscle wasting in HF. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57252-3 - Contribuicao do complexo enzimatico nad(p)h oxidase na atrofia muscular de ratos com insuficiencia cardiaca: influencia do treinamento fisico aerobico
Beneficiário:Luiz Roberto Grassmann Bechara
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50048-1 - Bases celulares e funcionais do exercício físico na doença cardiovascular
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático