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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Simulations of the Fomalhaut system within its local galactic environment

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Kaib, Nathan A. [1] ; White, Ethan B. [1] ; Izidoro, Andre [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Oklahoma, HL Dodge Dept Phys & Astron, Norman, OK 73019 - USA
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Grp Dinam Orbital & Planetol, BR-12516410 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 473, n. 1, p. 470-491, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Fomalhaut A is among the most well-studied nearby stars and has been discovered to possess a putative planetary object as well as a remarkable eccentric dust belt. This eccentric dust belt has often been interpreted as the dynamical signature of one or more planets that elude direct detection. However, the system also contains two other stellar companions residing similar to 10(5) au from Fomalhaut A. We have designed a new symplectic integration algorithm to model the evolution of Fomalhaut A's planetary dust belt in concert with the dynamical evolution of its stellar companions to determine if these companions are likely to have generated the dust belt's morphology. Using our numerical simulations, we find that close encounters between Fomalhaut A and B are expected, with an similar to 25 per cent probability that the two stars have passed within at least 400 au of each other at some point. Although the outcomes of such encounter histories are extremely varied, these close encounters nearly always excite the eccentricity of Fomalhaut A's dust belt and occasionally yield morphologies very similar to the observed belt. With these results, we argue that close encounters with Fomalhaut A's stellar companions should be considered a plausible mechanism to explain its eccentric belt, especially in the absence of detected planets capable of sculpting the belt's morphology. More broadly, we can also conclude from this work that very wide binary stars may often generate asymmetries in the stellar debris discs they host. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/19556-7 - Formação e Dinâmica Planetária: do Sistema Solar a Exoplanetas
Beneficiário:André Izidoro Ferreira da Costa
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/12686-2 - Formação e dinâmica planetária: do Sistema Solar a exoplanetas
Beneficiário:André Izidoro Ferreira da Costa
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores