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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Understanding the decision-making process in disaster risk monitoring and early-warning: A case study within a control room in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Horita, Flavio E. A. [1, 2, 3] ; de Albuquerque, Joao Porto [1, 2, 4] ; Marchezini, Victor [5]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, CMCC, Santo Andre - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, ICMC, Inst Math & Comp Sci, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Brazilian Natl Ctr Monitoring & Early Warning Nat, Cemaden MCTIC, Minist Sci Techn Innovat & Commun, Scio Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Warwick, Ctr Interdisciplinary Methodol, Coventry, W Midlands - England
[5] Heidelberg Univ, Dept Geog, GI Sci Grp, Heidelberg - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; v. 28, p. 22-31, JUN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

The tasks of disaster risk monitoring and early warning are an important means of improving the efficiency of disaster response and preparedness. However, although the current works in this area have sought to provide a more accurate and better technological infrastructure of systems to support these tasks, they have failed to examine key features that may affect the decision-making. In light of this, this paper aims to provide an understanding of the decision-making process in control rooms for disaster risk monitoring and early warning. This understanding is underpinned by a conceptual framework, which has been developed in this work and describes factors that influence the decision-making. For doing so, data were collected through a series of semi-structured interviews and participatory observations and later evaluated with members of the control room of the Brazilian Center for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters (Cemaden). The study findings provided a solid basis for designing the conceptual framework of the essential factors required by the decision-makers. These factors are separated into two groups: 1) the ``dimensions{''} of decision-making (i.e., the type of hazard, the phase of the disaster risk, the location, and area of expertise of the operators) and the ``pillars{''} of decision-making (i.e., the tasks, their required information, useful data sources, and the decision rule). Finally, the contributions achieved in this study may help operators to understand and propose proactive measures that could improve their decision-making, overcome uncertainties, standardize the team's decision-making, and put less pressure on operators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/09889-1 - Desenvolvimento de algoritmos para tratamento de colaborativos
Beneficiário:Flávio Eduardo Aoki Horita
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico