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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A mathematical model to predict the electrode potential profile inside a polyaniline-modified reticulate vitreous carbon electrode operating in the potentiostatic reduction of Cr(VI)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ruotolo, L. A. M. [1] ; Gubulin, J. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL; v. 171, n. 3, p. 1170-1177, JUL 15 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

Hexavalent chromium compounds are very toxic and commonly found in the effluents of several industrial processes. Its reduction to the trivalent state is necessary in order to facilitate its removal from aqueous effluents using chemical precipitation or adsorption. The electrochemical process using conducting polymers deposited on reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) has been considered as a promising alternative to chemical methods. In this work a polyaniline-modified RVC electrode was used in a potentiostatic process to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III). Two mathematical models considering a PFR and CSTR reactors were used to determine the mass transfer coefficients from the experimental concentration-time curves. The potential distribution was also measured and compared with the values obtained from a mathematical model. The effective conductivity and tortuosity were also determined. Approximately 80% of the Cr(VI) was reduced to its trivalent form during fifty minutes of electrolysis, giving an overall current efficiency and energy consumption of 0.71 and 4.4 kWh kg(-1), respectively. The high correlation coefficients (R(2) > 0.999) obtained using PFR and CSTR models confirmed that the assumption of limiting current (I(L)) kinetics can be effectively used to describe the potentiostatic reduction. Additionally, k(m) determined by CSTR, PFR and I(L) equations had practically the same value. However, the tortuosity must be considered in the mathematical model to accordingly predict the potential profile. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 99/10822-9 - Reducao de cromo hexavalente utilizando-se filmes de polianilina.
Beneficiário:Luis Augusto Martins Ruotolo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado