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DAMPING OF MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE IN PARTIALLY IONIZED GAS AND THE OBSERVED DIFFERENCE OF VELOCITIES OF NEUTRALS AND IONS

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Autor(es):
Falceta-Goncalves, D. [1, 2] ; Lazarian, A. [2] ; Houde, M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Cruzeiro Sul, Nucleo Astrofis Teor, BR-01506000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53711 - USA
[3] Univ Western Ontario, Dept Phys & Astron, London, ON N6A 3K7 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 713, n. 2, p. 1376-1385, APR 20 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

Theoretical and observational studies on the turbulence of the interstellar medium developed fast in the past decades. The theory of supersonic magnetized turbulence, as well as the understanding of the projection effects of observed quantities, is still in progress. In this work, we explore the characterization of the turbulent cascade and its damping from observational spectral line profiles. We address the difference of ion and neutral velocities by clarifying the nature of the turbulence damping in the partially ionized. We provide theoretical arguments in favor of the explanation of the larger Doppler broadening of lines arising from neutral species compared to ions as arising from the turbulence damping of ions at larger scales. Also, we compute a number of MHD numerical simulations for different turbulent regimes and explicit turbulent damping, and compare both the three-dimensional distributions of velocity and the synthetic line profile distributions. From the numerical simulations, we place constraints on the precision with which one can measure the three-dimensional dispersion depending on the turbulence sonic Mach number. We show that no universal correspondence between the three-dimensional velocity dispersions measured in the turbulent volume and minima of the two-dimensional velocity dispersions available through observations exist. For instance, for subsonic turbulence the correspondence is poor at scales much smaller than the turbulence injection scale, while for supersonic turbulence the correspondence is poor for the scales comparable with the injection scale. We provide a physical explanation of the existence of such a two-dimensional to three-dimensional correspondence and discuss the uncertainties in evaluating the damping scale of ions that can be obtained from observations. However, we show that the statistics of velocity dispersion from observed line profiles can provide the spectral index and the energy transfer rate of turbulence. Also, by comparing two similar simulations with different viscous coefficients, it was possible to constrain the turbulent cut-off scale. This may especially prove useful since it is believed that ambipolar diffusion may be one of the dominant dissipative mechanisms in star-forming regions. In this case, the determination of the ambipolar diffusion scale may be used as a complementary method for the determination of magnetic field intensity in collapsing cores. We discuss the implications of our findings in terms of a new approach to magnetic field measurement proposed by Li \& Houde. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/10102-0 - Estudo numérico de plasmas magnetizados colisionais e não-colisionais em Astrofísica
Beneficiário:Diego Antonio Falceta Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular