Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

UPMASK: unsupervised photometric membership assignment in stellar clusters

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Krone-Martins, A. [1] ; Moitinho, A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Lisbon, SIM Fac Ciencias, P-1749016 Lisbon - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 561, JAN 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Aims. We develop a method for membership assignment in stellar clusters using only photometry and positions. The method is aimed to be unsupervised, data driven, model free, and to rely on as few assumptions as possible. Methods. The approach followed in this work for membership assessment is based on an iterative process, principal component analysis, clustering algorithm, and kernel density estimations. The method, UPMASK, is able to take into account arbitrary error models. An implementation in R was tested on simulated clusters that covered a broad range of ages, masses, distances, reddenings, and also on real data of cluster fields. Results. Running UPMASK on simulations showed that the method effectively separates cluster and field populations. The overall spatial structure and distribution of cluster member stars in the colour-magnitude diagram were recovered under a broad variety of conditions. For a set of 360 simulations, the resulting true positive rates (a measurement of purity) and member recovery rates (a measurement of completeness) at the 90% membership probability level reached high values for a range of open cluster ages (10(7.1)-10(9.5) yr), initial masses (0.5-10 x 10(3) M-circle dot) and heliocentric distances (0.5-4.0 kpc). UPMASK was also tested on real data from the fields of open cluster Haffner 16 and of the closely projected clusters Haffner 10 and Czernik 29. These tests showed that even for moderate variable extinction and cluster superposition, the method yielded useful cluster membership probabilities and provided some insight into their stellar contents. The UPMASK implementation will be available at the CRAN archive. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54006-4 - Um cluster de computadores para o Departamento de Astronomia do IAG-USP e para o Núcleo de Astrofísica da UNICSUL
Beneficiário:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários