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Phosphorus use efficiency in Eucalyptus and the physiological and genetic mechanisms involved

Grant number: 16/25498-0
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2017 - July 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Paulo Mazzafera
Grantee:
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas, SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Camila Caldana ; Eiko Eurya Kuramae ; Sara Adrian Lopez de Andrade

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is one the three essential minerals found in greatest abundance in plant tissues. It is part of the molecule of ATP, RNA and DNA, membrane lipids and various other molecules without which plants do not live. Phosphate rocks are the main source of phosphate fertilizers used in agriculture and the deposits are finite. This, along with the fact that P in the soil is little available to plants, due to its chemical interactions, makes it necessary to maximize the efficiency of P use by plants. The present project aims to understand the physiological and molecular mechanisms of P uptake and remobilization in eucalyptus and how the plant's endogenous phosphate concentration interacts with its root symbioses and the rhizosphere microbiota. Eucalyptus is an important crop in Brazil, with significant economic impact in several regions. The genetic diversity of more than 20 species of the genus will be investigated, initially seeking two groups among those species responsive to P supply, efficient species and species not efficient in absorbing soil P. That is, both groups will have species that respond to the sufficiency of P (fertilization), but they will be different in the ability to acquire P from the soil under conditions of deficiency. Afterwards, experiments other 8 experiments will evaluate the growth and architecture of the roots, gene expression of the network that regulates the absorption, transport and remobilization of P in the plant, analysis of the associated microbiota, with interest in mycorrhizas, P uptake kinetics, metabolome of roots, biochemistry responses of the roots, soil enzymes, quality of the eucalyptus wood. (AU)