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Identification and functional characterization of protein bound to NCoR1 complex and associated with molecular control of mitochondrial biogenesis process

Grant number: 16/23008-5
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2017 - July 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology
Principal Investigator:Leonardo dos Reis Silveira
Grantee:
Home Institution: Instituto de Biologia (IB). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas, SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Ana Carolina Migliorini Figueira ; Aníbal Eugênio Vercesi ; José Xavier Neto ; Marcio Chaim Bajgelman ; Paulo Sergio Lopes de Oliveira ; Richard C Scarpulla ; Valentina Perissi

Abstract

Skeletal muscle uses a well-regulated transcriptional programs to adapt to environmental inputs through storage or consumption of energy. PPAR² plays a critical role in this process being regulated by its interaction with positive and negative co-regulators. Under NCoR1 overexpression, a well-known PPAR inhibitor, we observed a marked repression of mitochondrial biogenesis in C2C12 cells during the differentiation process. This effect was demonstrated to reduce mitochondrial respiration, mitochondrial content, oxidative proteins, tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates and to increase glycolysis activity. In addition, this phenotype was consistent with reduced transcription of a wide spectrum of genes associated with mitochondrial metabolism as determined by RNAseq technique. However, it is unclear who are the players, which interact with NCoR1 during its repression activity over PPAR². More interesting, is the question if NCor1 could interacting with other molecular target regulating mitochondrial biogenesis by a mechanism independent of PPAR. Therefore, considering the NCoR1 effect over mitochondrial metabolism we raised the hypothesis that NCoR1 could works as very promising tool on discovery new molecular target(s) to control of mitochondrial biogenesis process in skeletal muscle cells. (AU)