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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

High Connectivity of the Crocodile Shark between the Atlantic and Southwest Indian Oceans: Highlights for Conservation

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Autor(es):
da Silva Ferrette, Bruno Lopes [1] ; Mendonca, Fernando Fernandes [2] ; Coelho, Rui [3, 4] ; Vasconcelos de Oliveira, Paulo Guilherme [5] ; Vieira Hazin, Fabio Hissa [5] ; Romanov, Evgeny V. [6] ; Oliveira, Claudio [1] ; Santos, Miguel Neves [3] ; Foresti, Fausto [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Lab Biol & Genet Peixes, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Inst Mar, Dept Ciencias Mar, Santos - Brazil
[3] IPMA, IP, Olhao - Portugal
[4] Univ Algarve, Ctr Ciencias Mar, CCMAR, Faro - Portugal
[5] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, UFRPE, Dept Pesca & Aquicultura, Pernambuco, Recife - Brazil
[6] ARDA, Ctr Tech Appui Peche ReUNionnaise CAP RUN, Le Port - Reunion
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 2 FEB 17 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Among the various shark species that are captured as bycatch in commercial fishing operations, the group of pelagic sharks is still one of the least studied and known. Within those, the crocodile shark, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai, a small-sized lamnid shark, is occasionally caught by longline vessels in certain regions of the tropical oceans worldwide. However, the population dynamics of this species, as well as the impact of fishing mortality on its stocks, are still unknown, with the crocodile shark currently one of the least studied of all pelagic sharks. Given this, the present study aimed to assess the population structure of P. kamoharai in several regions of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans using genetic molecular markers. The nucleotide composition of the mitochondrial DNA control region of 255 individuals was analyzed, and 31 haplotypes were found, with an estimated diversity Hd = 0.627, and a nucleotide diversity pi = 0.00167. An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed a fixation index phi(ST) = -0.01118, representing an absence of population structure among the sampled regions of the Atlantic Ocean, and between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. These results show a high degree of gene flow between the studied areas, with a single genetic stock and reduced population variability. In panmictic populations, conservation efforts can be concentrated in more restricted areas, being these representative of the total biodiversity of the species. When necessary, this strategy could be applied to the genetic maintenance of P. kamoharai. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23787-0 - Biodiversidade molecular e conservação de tubarões: banco genético, estruturas populacionais e rede internacional de colaboração científica
Beneficiário:Fernando Fernandes Mendonça
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 10/51903-2 - Filogeografia de tubarões pelágicos no Atlântico, utilizando marcadores moleculares do DNA mitocondrial
Beneficiário:Fausto Foresti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular