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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Analyzing the Gaussian character of the spectral quantum state of light via quantum noise measurements

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Autor(es):
Coelho, A. S. [1] ; Barbosa, F. A. S. [1] ; Cassemiro, K. N. [2] ; Martinelli, M. [1] ; Villar, A. S. [2] ; Nussenzveig, P. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, BR-05315970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Fis, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physical Review A; v. 92, n. 1 JUL 13 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Gaussian quantum states hold special importance in the continuous variable regime. In quantum information science, the understanding and characterization of central resources such as entanglement may strongly rely on the knowledge of the Gaussian or non-Gaussian character of the quantum state. However, the quantum measurement associated with the spectral photocurrent of light modes consists of a mixture of quadrature observables. Within the framework of two recent papers {[}Phys. Rev. A 88, 052113 (2013) and Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 200402 (2013)], we address here how the statistics of the spectral photocurrent relates to the character of the Wigner function describing those modes. We show that a Gaussian state can be misidentified as non-Gaussian and vice versa, a conclusion that forces the adoption of tacit a priori assumptions to perform quantum state reconstruction. We experimentally analyze the light beams generated by the optical parametric oscillator operating above threshold to show that the data strongly supports the generation of Gaussian states of the field, validating the use of necessary and sufficient criteria to characterize entanglement in this system. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/08448-2 - Informação quântica com variáveis contínuas de átomos e luz
Beneficiário:Paulo Alberto Nussenzveig
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/52282-1 - Quantum information processing with continuous variables
Beneficiário:Marcelo Martinelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular