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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Structure and Genetic Variability of the Oceanic Whitetip Shark, Carcharhinus longimanus, Determined Using Mitochondrial DNA

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Autor(es):
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Camargo, Samia M. [1, 2] ; Coelho, Rui [3, 4] ; Chapman, Demian [5] ; Howey-Jordan, Lucy [6] ; Brooks, Edward J. [7] ; Fernando, Daniel [8, 9, 10] ; Mendes, Natalia J. ; Hazin, Fabio H. V. [11] ; Oliveira, Claudio [1] ; Santos, Miguel N. [3] ; Foresti, Fausto [1] ; Mendonca, Fernando F. [2]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Lab Biol & Genet Peixes, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Inst Mar, Lab Genet Pesqueira & Conservacao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] IPMA, Olhao - Portugal
[4] Univ Algarve, Ctr Ciencias Mar CCMAR, Faro - Portugal
[5] SUNY Stony Brook, Sch Marine & Atmospher Sci, Stony Brook, NY 11794 - USA
[6] Microwave Telemetry Inc, Columbia, MD - USA
[7] Cape Eleuthera Inst, Shark Res & Conservat Program, Eleuthera - Bahamas
[8] Manta Trust, Catemwood House, Corscombe, Dorchester - England
[9] Linnaeus Univ, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Lund - Sweden
[10] Blue Resources, Colombo - Sri Lanka
[11] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, UFRPE, Dept Pesca & Aquicultura, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 11, n. 5 MAY 17 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Information regarding population structure and genetic connectivity is an important contribution when establishing conservation strategies to manage threatened species. The oceanic whitetip shark, Carcharhinus longimanus, is a highly migratory, large-bodied, pelagic shark listed by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List as ``vulnerable{''} throughout its range and ``critically endangered{''} in the western north Atlantic. In 2014, the species was protected globally under Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species), limiting and regulating trade. This study used partial sequences of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region to determine the population genetic structure of oceanic whitetip sharks across the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. 724 base pairs were obtained from 215 individuals that identifed nine polymorphic sites and defined 12 distinct haplotypes. Total nucleotide diversity (pi) was 0.0013 and haplotype diversity (h) was 0.5953. The Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) evidenced moderate levels of population structure (phi(ST) = 0.1039) with restricted gene flow between the western and eastern Atlantic Ocean, and a strong relationship between the latter region and the Indian Ocean. Even though the oceanic whitetip is a highly migratory animal the results presented here show that their genetic variability is slightly below average of other pelagic sharks. Additionally, this study recommends that at least two populations in the Atlantic Ocean should be considered distinct (eastern and western Atlantic) and conservation efforts should be focused in areas with the greatest genetic diversity by environmental managers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23787-0 - Biodiversidade molecular e conservação de tubarões: banco genético, estruturas populacionais e rede internacional de colaboração científica
Beneficiário:Fernando Fernandes Mendonça
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores