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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Repurposing doxycycline for synucleinopathies: remodelling of alpha-synuclein oligomers towards non-oxic parallel beta-sheet structured species

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Gonzalez-Lizarraga, Florencia ; Socias, Sergio B. ; Avila, Cesar L. ; Torres-Bugeau, Clarisa M. ; Barbosa, Leandro R. S. ; Binolfi, Andres ; Sepulveda-Diaz, Julia E. ; Del-Bel, Elaine ; Fernandez, Claudio O. ; Papy-Garcia, Dulce ; Itri, Rosangela ; Raisman-Vozari, Rita ; Chehin, Rosana N.
Número total de Autores: 13
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 7, FEB 3 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Synucleinophaties are progressive neurodegenerative disorders with no cure to date. An attractive strategy to tackle this problem is repurposing already tested safe drugs against novel targets. In this way, doxycycline prevents neurodegeneration in Parkinson models by modulating neuroinflammation. However, anti-inflammatory therapy per se is insufficient to account for neuroprotection. Herein we characterise novel targets of doxycycline describing the structural background supporting its effectiveness as a neuroprotector at subantibiotic doses. Our results show that doxycycline reshapes alpha-synuclein oligomers into off-pathway, high-molecular-weight species that do not evolve into fibrils. Off-pathway species present less hydrophobic surface than on-pathway oligomers and display different beta-sheet structural arrangement. These structural changes affect the alpha-synuclein ability to destabilize biological membranes, cell viability, and formation of additional toxic species. Altogether, these mechanisms could act synergically giving novel targets for repurposing this drug. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50766-2 - Towards understanding the role of oxidized lipid membrane on amyloidogenic diseases: biophysical and structural characterization of membrane-induced GAPDH protofibrils
Beneficiário:Rosangela Itri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular