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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

CFD Analysis of PEMFC Flow Channel Cross Sections

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Autor(es):
Paulino, A. L. R. ; Cunha, E. F. ; Robalinho, E. ; Linardi, M. ; Korkischko, I. ; Santiago, E. I.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FUEL CELLS; v. 17, n. 1, p. 27-36, FEB 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

This paper presents a study of single-channel proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) using computational modeling and simulation. For this analysis, the commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics was used to build a single-phase isothermal and tridimensional fuel cell model. For the mathematical description of the catalyst layer, the flooded agglomerate model was implemented, and it proved to be more accurate than Butler-Volmer model, which is the pre-built model in the software. Such evidence was verified when comparing the polarization curves obtained using both models with an experimental curve. After definition of the model, the main objective of this study was to analyze the influence of the flow channel cross-section in the water distribution inside the cell, studying rectangular, trapezoidal and hybrid stepped geometries. The fuel cell with stepped channel was equivalent to the trapezoidal cell in all aspects analyzed, and both provided superior water management than the rectangular cell. However, the current generation in the rectangular design was slightly higher. It was noted that the simulation of a tridimensional model provided a better understanding of the regions where higher concentrations of water can occur, and that different flow channel designs can be used to enhance water management. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50279-4 - Brasil Research Centre for Gas Innovation
Beneficiário:Julio Romano Meneghini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Centros de Pesquisa em Engenharia
Processo FAPESP: 16/12397-0 - Otimização de campo de escoamento de células de combustível através de métodos numéricos
Beneficiário:Ivan Korkischko
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado