Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Predicting soil C changes over sugarcane expansion in Brazil using the DayCent model

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Oliveira, Dener M. S. ; Williams, Stephen ; Cerri, Carlos E. P. ; Paustian, Keith
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Global Change Biology Bioenergy; v. 9, n. 9, p. 1436-1446, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

In recent years, the increase in Brazilian ethanol production has been based on expansion of sugarcane-cropped area, mainly by the land use change (LUC) pasture-sugarcane. However, second-generation (2G) cellulosic-derived ethanol supplies are likely to increase dramatically in the next years in Brazil. Both these management changes potentially affect soil C (SOC) changes and may have a significant impact on the greenhouse gases balance of Brazilian ethanol. To evaluate these impacts, we used the DayCent model to predict the influence of the LUC native vegetation (NV)-pasture (PA)-sugarcane (SG), as well as to evaluate the effect of different management practices (straw removal, no-tillage, and application of organic amendments) on long-term SOC changes in sugarcane areas in Brazil. The DayCent model estimated that the conversion of NV-PA caused SOC losses of 0.34 +/- 0.03 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1), while the conversion PA-SG resulted in SOC gains of 0.16 +/- 0.04 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1). Moreover, simulations showed SOC losses of 0.19 +/- 0.04 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1) in SG areas in Brazil with straw removal. However, our analysis suggested that adoption of some best management practices can mitigate these losses, highlighting the application of organic amendments (+0.14 +/- 0.03 Mg C ha(-1) yr(-1)). Based on the commitments made by Brazilian government in the UNFCCC, we estimated the ethanol production needed to meet the domestic demand by 2030. If the increase in ethanol production was based on the expansion of sugarcane area on degraded pasture land, the model predicted a SOC accretion of 144 Tg from 2020 to 2050, while increased ethanol production based on straw removal as a cellulosic feedstock was predicted to decrease SOC by 50 Tg over the same 30-year period. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/14122-6 - Estimativa das alterações nos estoques de c no solo associadas à expansão da cana-de-açúcar em áreas de pastagens no Brasil
Beneficiário:Dener Márcio da Silva Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/08632-9 - Matéria orgânica do solo em áreas de mudança de uso da terra para cultivo da cana-de-açúcar no Centro-Sul do Brasil
Beneficiário:Dener Márcio da Silva Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado