Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

C and N stocks are not impacted by land use change from Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) to agriculture despite changes in soil fertility and microbial abundances

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Lammel, Daniel Renato ; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus ; Cerri, Carlos Eduardo P. ; Louis, Sandrine ; Schnitzler, Joerg-Peter ; Feigl, Brigitte Josefine ; Cerri, Carlos Clemente
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION AND SOIL SCIENCE; v. 180, n. 4, p. 436-445, AUG 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Central Brazil is the region with the most dynamic agriculture expansion worldwide, where tropical forests and Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) are converted to pastures and crop fields. Following deforestation, agricultural practices, such as fertilization, tillage and crop rotations, alter soil parameters and affect microbial abundances and the C and N cycles. The objective of this study was to compare changes in soil fertility, stocks of soil C and N, microbial biomass, and abundance of bacteria, fungi and archaea in Cerrado soils following land use change to crops (soybean/corn/ cotton) and pasture (the perennial forage grass Brachiaria brizantha A. Rich.). Agriculture increased soil fertility and conserved soil C and N since their absolute concentration values were highest in agriculture soils and the C and N stocks adjusted by soil density were similar to the native vegetation soils. At the same time, agriculture changed the microbial abundances (decrease of microbial biomass C and N, increase of archaea, and reduction of bacteria and fungi at the crop sites), and N dynamics (increase of soil ammonium and nitrate concentrations). Even if these changes can be beneficial for food and agricultural commodities production, all these soil alterations should be further investigated due to their possible unknown effects on biosphere-hydrosphere-atmosphere exchange processes such as greenhouse gases emissions and nitrate leaching. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/07570-6 - Estrutura microbiana de solos com diferentes usos da terra na fronteira de expansão agrícola no Sudoeste da Amazônia e suas relações com a emissão de gases do efeito estufa
Beneficiário:Daniel Renato Lammel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/59012-1 - Impacto ambiental da expansão da agricultura no sudoeste da Amazônia
Beneficiário:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático