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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Geographical and experimental contexts modulate the effect of warming on top-down control: a meta-analysis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Cristiano Marino, Nicholas dos Anjos [1] ; Romero, Gustavo Quevedo [2] ; Farjalla, Vinicius Fortes [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-68020 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Lab Interacoes Multitroficas & Biodiversidade LIM, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, BR-6109 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biol, Lab Int Cambio Global LINCGlobal, BR-68020 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biol, Dept Ecol, BR-68020 Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: ECOLOGY LETTERS; v. 21, n. 3, p. 455-466, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Ecologists have extensively investigated the effect of warming on consumer-resource interactions, with experiments revealing that warming can strengthen, weaken or have no net effect on top-down control of resources. These experiments have inspired a body of theoretical work to explain the variation in the effect of warming on top-down control. However, there has been no quantitative attempt to reconcile theory with outcomes from empirical studies. To address the gap between theory and experiment, we performed a meta-analysis to examine the combined effect of experimental warming and top-down control on resource biomass and determined potential sources of variation across experiments. We show that differences in experimental outcomes are related to systematic variation in the geographical distribution of studies. Specifically, warming strengthened top-down control when experiments were conducted in colder regions, but had the opposite effect in warmer regions. Furthermore, we found that differences in the thermoregulation strategy of the consumer and openness of experimental arenas to dispersal can contribute to some deviation from the overall geographical pattern. These results reconcile empirical findings and support the expectation of geographical variation in the response of consumer-resource interactions to warming. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/01209-9 - Efeitos das mudanças climáticas sobre estrutura de redes tróficas em gradientes latitudinais
Beneficiário:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa