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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Extreme wildfire events are linked to global-change-type droughts in the northern Mediterranean

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Autor(es):
Ruffault, Julien [1, 2, 3] ; Curt, Thomas [2] ; Martin-StPaul, Nicolas K. [4] ; Moron, Vincent [1, 5] ; Trigo, Ricardo M. [6]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, UM34, CEREGE, Europole Mediterraneen Arbois, Aix En Provence - France
[2] IIRSTEA, RECOVER, Ecosyst Mediterraneens & Risques, Aix En Provence - France
[3] Avignon Univ, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IMBE, IRD, Marseille - France
[4] INRA, URFM, Avignon - France
[5] Columbia Univ, IRI, Palisades, NY - USA
[6] Univ Lisbon, IDL, Fac Ciencias, Lisbon - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES; v. 18, n. 3, p. 847-856, MAR 16 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Increasing drought conditions under global warming are expected to alter the frequency and distribution of large and high-intensity wildfires. However, our understanding of the impact of increasing drought on extreme wildfires events remains incomplete. Here, we analyzed the weather conditions associated with the extreme wildfires events that occurred in Mediterranean France during the exceptionally dry summers of 2003 and 2016. We identified that these fires were related to two distinct shifts in the fire weather space towards fire weather conditions that had not been explored before and resulting from specific interactions between different types of drought and different fire weather types. In 2016, a long-lasting ``press drought{''} intensified wind-driven fires. In 2003, a ``hot drought{''} combining a heat wave with a press drought intensified heat-induced fires. Our findings highlight that increasing drought conditions projected by climate change scenarios might affect the dryness of fuel compartments and lead to a higher frequency of extremes wildfires events. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/01389-4 - Sistema brasileiro Fogo-Superfície-Atmosfera (BrFLAS)
Beneficiário:Alberto Waingort Setzer
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular