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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Improved n-butanol production from lignocellulosic hydrolysate by Clostridium strain screening and culture-medium optimization

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Magalhaes, Beatriz L. [1] ; Grassi, Maria Carolina B. [1, 2] ; Pereira, Goncalo A. G. [1, 2] ; Brocchi, Marcelo [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Genet Evolut & Bioagents, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Bioethanol Sci & Technol Lab CTBE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY; v. 108, p. 157-166, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

The use of lignocellulosic hydrolysate is a promising strategy to make fuel and chemical production feasible through biological processes. The major challenges facing this process are the presence of inhibitors in hydrolysate, as furan derivatives and phenolic compounds, and the inefficient consumption of the xylose found in hydrolysate. Therefore, this study aimed to select ideal Clostridium strains and an optimal medium for microbiological production of n-butanol from sugarcane straw hydrolysate with high yield and productivity. From a screening of twelve Clostridium strains, two strains stood out: Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum DSM 14923, by its potential to produce high titer of n-butanol (4.95 g/L from 11.6 g/L glucose and 3.6 g/L xylose), and Clostridium saccharobutylicum DSM 13864, by its capacity to concomitantly consume similar quantities of glucose and xylose. Optimization of culture medium and inoculum preparation allowed an improvement in n-butanol production from 0.65 g/L for 5.39 g/L. Moreover, with optimized medium, a higher tolerance to lignocellulosic hydrolysate was obtained, avoiding a premature end to fermentation at hydrolysate and enabling the cultivation of these strains in 79% pure lignocellulosic hydrolysate. Among all the strains tested for lignocellulosic hydrolysate fermentation, C. saccharobutylicum DSM 13864 has the best performance. This strain, in a culture medium composed by 79% of pure lignocellulosic hydrolysate, showed a consumption of 95% of all sugar available (34 g/L of glucose and 22 g/L of xylose) and a total acetone, n-butanol, and ethanol (ABE) production of 10.33 g/L, being the most suitable strain for n-butanol production using this substrate. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/06308-7 - Otimização da produção de butanol por cepas mutantes de Clostridium sp. utilizando hidrolisado de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Beatriz Leite Magalhães
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado