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Observation of New Properties of Secondary Cosmic Rays Lithium, Beryllium, and Boron by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

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Autor(es):
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Aguilar, M. [1] ; Cavasonza, L. Ali [2, 3] ; Ambrosi, G. [4] ; Arruda, L. [5] ; Attig, N. [6, 7] ; Aupetit, S. [8, 9] ; Azzarello, P. [10] ; Bachlechner, A. [2, 3] ; Barao, F. [5] ; Barrau, A. [8, 9] ; Barrin, L. [11] ; Bartoloni, A. [12] ; Basara, L. [13] ; Basegmez-du Pree, S. [14] ; Battarbee, M. [15] ; Battiston, R. [16, 13, 17] ; Becker, U. [18] ; Behlmann, M. [18] ; Beischer, B. [2, 3] ; Berdugo, J. [1] ; Bertucci, B. [19, 4] ; Bindel, K. F. [20] ; Bindi, V. [21] ; de Boer, W. [20] ; Bollweg, K. [22] ; Bonnivard, V. [8, 9] ; Borgia, B. [23, 12] ; Boschini, M. J. [24] ; Bourquin, M. [10] ; Bueno, E. F. [25] ; Burger, J. [18] ; Burger, W. J. [13] ; Cadoux, F. [10] ; Cai, X. D. [18] ; Capell, M. [18] ; Caroff, S. [26, 27] ; Casaus, J. [1] ; Castellini, G. [28] ; Cervelli, F. [29] ; Chae, M. J. [30] ; Chang, Y. H. [31] ; Chen, A. I. [18] ; Chen, G. M. [14] ; Chen, H. S. [14, 32] ; Cheng, L. [33] ; Chou, H. Y. [31] ; Choumilov, E. [18] ; Choutko, V. [18] ; Chung, C. H. [2, 3] ; Clark, C. [22] ; Clavero, R. [34, 35] ; Coignet, G. [26, 27] ; Consolandi, C. [21] ; Contin, A. [36, 37] ; Corti, C. [21] ; Creus, W. [38] ; Crispoltoni, M. [19, 4] ; Cui, Z. [33] ; Dadzie, K. [18] ; Dai, Y. M. [39] ; Datta, A. [21] ; Delgado, C. [1] ; Della Torre, S. [24] ; Demirkoz, M. B. [40] ; Derome, L. [8, 9] ; Di Falco, S. [29] ; Dimiccoli, F. [13, 17] ; Diaz, C. [1] ; von Doetinchem, P. [21] ; Dong, F. [41] ; Donnini, F. [19, 4] ; Duranti, M. [4] ; D'Urso, D. [4, 42, 43] ; Egorov, A. [18] ; Eline, A. [18] ; Eronen, T. [15] ; Feng, J. [18] ; Fiandrini, E. [19, 4] ; Fisher, P. [18] ; Formato, V. [4] ; Galaktionov, Y. [18] ; Gallucci, G. [29] ; Garcia-Lopez, R. J. [34, 35] ; Gargiulo, C. [11] ; Gast, H. [2, 3] ; Gebauer, I. [20] ; Gervasi, M. [24, 44] ; Ghelfi, A. [8, 9] ; Giovacchini, F. [1] ; Gomez-Coral, D. M. [45] ; Gong, J. [41] ; Goy, C. [26, 27] ; Grabski, V. [45] ; Grandi, D. [24] ; Graziani, M. [20] ; Guo, K. H. [46] ; Haino, S. [38] ; Han, K. C. [47] ; He, Z. H. [46] ; Heil, M. [18] ; Hsieh, T. H. [18] ; Huang, H. [38, 48] ; Huang, Z. C. [46] ; Huh, C. [49] ; Incagli, M. [29] ; Ionica, M. [4] ; Jang, W. Y. [49] ; Jia, Yi [18] ; Jinchi, H. [47] ; Kang, S. C. [49] ; Kanishev, K. [11, 13] ; Khiali, B. [31] ; Kim, G. N. [49] ; Kim, K. S. [49] ; Kirn, Th. [2, 3] ; Konak, C. [40] ; Kounina, O. [18] ; Kounine, A. [18] ; Koutsenko, V. [18] ; Kulemzin, A. [18] ; La Vacca, G. [24, 44] ; Laudi, E. [11] ; Laurenti, G. [36] ; Lazzizzera, I. [13, 17] ; Lebedev, A. [18] ; Lee, H. T. [50] ; Lee, S. C. [38] ; Leluc, C. [10] ; Li, H. S. [51] ; Li, J. Q. [41] ; Li, Q. [41] ; Li, T. X. [46] ; Li, Y. [52, 10] ; Li, Z. H. [14] ; Li, Z. Y. [52, 38] ; Lim, S. [49] ; Lin, C. H. [38] ; Lipari, P. [12] ; Lippert, T. [6, 7] ; Liu, D. [31] ; Liu, Hu [18, 53] ; Lordello, V. D. [25] ; Lu, S. Q. [52, 38] ; Lu, Y. S. [14] ; Luebelsmeyer, K. [2, 3] ; Luo, F. [33] ; Luo, J. Z. [41] ; Lyu, S. S. [46] ; Machate, F. [2, 3] ; Mana, C. [1] ; Marin, J. [1] ; Martin, T. [22] ; Martinez, G. [1] ; Masi, N. [36] ; Maurin, D. [8, 9] ; Menchaca-Rocha, A. [45] ; Meng, Q. [41] ; Mikuni, V. M. [25] ; Mo, D. C. [46] ; Mott, P. [22] ; Nelson, T. [21] ; Ni, J. Q. [46] ; Nikonov, N. [2, 3] ; Nozzoli, F. [4, 43] ; Oliva, A. [1] ; Orcinha, M. [5] ; Palermo, M. [21] ; Palmonari, F. [36, 37] ; Palomares, C. [1] ; Paniccia, M. [10] ; Pauluzzi, M. [19, 4] ; Pensotti, S. [24, 44] ; Perrina, C. [10] ; Phan, H. D. [18] ; Picot-Clemente, N. [54] ; Pilo, F. [29] ; Pizzolotto, C. [4, 43, 55] ; Plyaskin, V. [18] ; Pohl, M. [10] ; Poireau, V. [26, 27] ; Quadrani, L. [36, 37] ; Qi, X. M. [46] ; Qin, X. [18] ; Qu, Z. Y. [38, 56] ; Raeihae, T. [2, 3] ; Rancoita, P. G. [24] ; Rapin, D. [10] ; Ricol, J. S. [8, 9] ; Rosier-Lees, S. [26, 27] ; Rozhkov, A. [18] ; Rozza, D. [24, 44] ; Sagdeev, R. [57] ; Schael, S. [2, 3] ; Schmidt, S. M. [6, 7] ; von Dratzig, A. Schulz [2, 3] ; Schwering, G. [2, 3] ; Seo, E. S. [54] ; Shan, B. S. [58] ; Shi, J. Y. [41] ; Siedenburg, T. [2] ; Son, D. [49] ; Song, J. W. [33] ; Tacconi, M. [24, 44] ; Tang, X. W. [14] ; Tang, Z. C. [14] ; Tescaro, D. [34, 35] ; Ting, Samuel C. C. [18, 11] ; Ting, S. M. [18] ; Tomassetti, N. [19, 4] ; Torsti, J. [15] ; Turkoglu, C. [40] ; Urban, T. [22] ; Vagelli, V. [19, 4] ; Valente, E. [23, 12] ; Valtonen, E. [15] ; Vazquez Acosta, M. [34, 35] ; Vecchi, M. [25] ; Velasco, M. [1] ; Vialle, J. P. [26, 27] ; Vitale, V. [43, 13] ; Wang, L. Q. [33] ; Wang, N. H. [33] ; Wang, Q. L. [39] ; Wang, X. [18] ; Wang, X. Q. [14, 32] ; Wang, Z. X. [46] ; Wei, C. C. [38, 59] ; Weng, Z. L. [18] ; Whitman, K. [21] ; Wu, H. [41] ; Wu, X. [10] ; Xiong, R. Q. [41] ; Xu, W. [18] ; Yan, Q. [18] ; Yang, J. [30] ; Yang, M. [14] ; Yang, Y. [51] ; Yi, H. [41] ; Yu, Y. J. [39] ; Yu, Z. Q. [14] ; Zannoni, M. [24, 44] ; Zeissler, S. [20] ; Zhang, C. [14] ; Zhang, F. [14] ; Zhang, J. [18, 48] ; Zhang, J. H. [41] ; Zhang, S. W. [14, 32] ; Zhang, Z. [18] ; Zheng, Z. M. [58] ; Zhuang, H. L. [14] ; Zhukov, V. [2, 3] ; Zichichi, A. [36, 37] ; Zimmermann, N. [2, 3] ; Zuccon, P. [18]
Número total de Autores: 254
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] CIEMAT, E-28040 Madrid - Spain
[2] Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, JARA FAME, D-52056 Aachen - Germany
[3] Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Phys Inst 1, D-52056 Aachen - Germany
[4] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Perugia, I-06100 Perugia - Italy
[5] Lab Instrumentacao & Fis Expt Particulas LIP, P-1000 Lisbon - Portugal
[6] Res Ctr Julich, JARA FAME, D-52425 Julich - Germany
[7] Julich Supercomp Ctr, D-52425 Julich - Germany
[8] Univ Grenoble Alpes, F-38026 Grenoble - France
[9] CNRS, IN2P3, LPSC, F-38026 Grenoble - France
[10] Univ Geneva, DPNC, CH-1211 Geneva - Switzerland
[11] CERN, European Org Nucl Res, CH-1211 Geneva 23 - Switzerland
[12] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Roma 1, I-00185 Rome - Italy
[13] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, TIFPA, I-38123 Povo, Trento - Italy
[14] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049 - Peoples R China
[15] Univ Turku, Dept Phys & Astron, Space Res Lab, FI-20014 Turku - Finland
[16] ASI, I-00133 Rome - Italy
[17] Univ Trento, I-38123 Povo, Trento - Italy
[18] MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 - USA
[19] Univ Perugia, I-06100 Perugia - Italy
[20] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Expt Teilchenphys, D-76131 Karlsruhe - Germany
[21] Univ Hawaii, Dept Phys & Astron, Honolulu, HI 96822 - USA
[22] NASA, JSC, Jacobs Engn & Business Integra, Houston, TX 77058 - USA
[23] Univ Roma La Sapienza, I-00185 Rome - Italy
[24] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Milano Bicocca, I-20126 Milan - Italy
[25] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, CP 369, 13560-970 Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[26] CNRS, IN2P3, Lab Annecy Le Vieux Phys Particules, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux - France
[27] Univ Savoie Mont Blanc, F-74941 Annecy Le Vieux - France
[28] CNR IROE, I-50125 Florence - Italy
[29] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Pisa, I-56100 Pisa - Italy
[30] Ewha Womans Univ, Dept Phys, Seoul 120750 - South Korea
[31] Natl Cent Univ, Chungli 32054, Tao Yuan - Taiwan
[32] UCAS, Beijing 100049 - Peoples R China
[33] Shandong Univ SDU, Jinan 250100, Shandong - Peoples R China
[34] Inst Astrofis Canarias, E-38205 San Cristobal la Laguna - Spain
[35] Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, E-38206 San Cristobal la Laguna - Spain
[36] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Bologna, I-40126 Bologna - Italy
[37] Univ Bologna, I-40126 Bologna - Italy
[38] Acad Sinica, Inst Phys, Taipei 11529 - Taiwan
[39] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Elect Engn, Beijing 100190 - Peoples R China
[40] Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Phys, TR-06800 Ankara - Turkey
[41] Southeast Univ SEU, Nanjing 210096, Jiangsu - Peoples R China
[42] Univ Sassari, I-07100 Sassari - Italy
[43] SSDC, ASI Space Sci Data Ctr, I-00133 Rome - Italy
[44] Univ Milano Bicocca, I-20126 Milan - Italy
[45] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Fis, Mexico City 01000, DF - Mexico
[46] Sun Yat Sen Univ SYSU, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong - Peoples R China
[47] NCSIST, Longtan 32546, Tao Yuan - Taiwan
[48] Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Hubei - Peoples R China
[49] Kyungpook Natl Univ, CHEP, Daegu 41566 - South Korea
[50] ASGC, Taipei 11529 - Taiwan
[51] Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Tainan 70101 - Taiwan
[52] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong - Peoples R China
[53] Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan 430074, Hubei - Peoples R China
[54] Univ Maryland, IPST, College Pk, MD 20742 - USA
[55] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Sez Trieste, I-34149 Trieste - Italy
[56] Nankai Univ, Tianjin 300071 - Peoples R China
[57] Univ Maryland, East West Ctr Space Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 - USA
[58] Beihang Univ BUAA, Beijing 100191 - Peoples R China
[59] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoretial Phys, Beijing 100190 - Peoples R China
Número total de Afiliações: 59
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physical Review Letters; v. 120, n. 2 JAN 11 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 36
Resumo

We report on the observation of new properties of secondary cosmic rays Li, Be, and B measured in the rigidity (momentum per unit charge) range 1.9 GV to 3.3 TV with a total of 5.4 x 10(6) nuclei collected by AMS during the first five years of operation aboard the International Space Station. The Li and B fluxes have an identical rigidity dependence above 7 GV and all three fluxes have an identical rigidity dependence above 30 GV with the Li/Be flux ratio of 2.0 +/- 0.1. The three fluxes deviate from a single power law above 200 GV in an identical way. This behavior of secondary cosmic rays has also been observed in the AMS measurement of primary cosmic rays He, C, and O but the rigidity dependences of primary cosmic rays and of secondary cosmic rays are distinctly different. In particular, above 200 GV, the secondary cosmic rays harden more than the primary cosmic rays. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/19149-7 - Busca indireta de matéria escura com o detector AMS-02
Beneficiário:Manuela Vecchi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 15/50378-5 - Measurement of cosmic ray nuclei with AMS-02 experiment
Beneficiário:Manuela Vecchi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/10222-9 - Detecção de elétrons com o detector AMS-02
Beneficiário:Vinicius Massami Mikuni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado