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Insight into hydrothermal and subduction processes from copper and nitrogen isotopes in oceanic metagabbros

Texto completo
Busigny, Vincent [1, 2] ; Chen, JiuBin [3] ; Philippot, Pascal [2, 4] ; Borensztajn, Stephan [2] ; Moynier, Frederic [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Univ France, Paris - France
[2] Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Inst Phys Globe Paris, UMR CNRS 7154, 1 Rue Jussieu, F-75238 Paris - France
[3] Tianjin Univ, Inst Surface Earth Syst Sci, Tianjin 300072 - Peoples R China
[4] Univ Montpellier, CNRS UMR 5243, Geosci Montpellier, F-34000 Montpellier - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Earth and Planetary Science Letters; v. 498, p. 54-64, SEP 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3

The transfer of trace elements from external terrestrial reservoirs (i.e. atmosphere, hydrosphere, crust) to the mantle is mainly controlled by their geochemical behaviors during hydrothermal alteration of the oceanic crust and subsequent subduction metamorphism. Deciphering fluid-rock partitioning and element pathways during hydrothermal and subduction metamorphism is complicated due to a variety of pressure-temperature conditions and variable compositions of fluids interacting with the lithosphere. Fluid-rock interactions can, however, be traced by coupling multiple isotopic systems in a single and uniform type of lithology. Here we present Cu and N isotope relationships in Alpine metagabbros, which were hydrothermally-altered on the seafloor and subsequently buried to different depths in a subduction zone. Our sample set covers non-subducted, as well as blueschist- and eclogite-facies low-strain metagabbros, and veins and mylonites equilibrated in eclogite fades conditions. The low-strain metagabbros have Cu contents ranging from 22.5 to 73.2 ppm, and delta Cu-65 values from -1.66 to -0.02 parts per thousand. In contrast, eclogite-facies veins and mylonites have lower Cu contents, below 11.1 ppm (except one sample at 27.7 ppm), but a very large range of delta Cu-65 values from -3.12 to 1.76 parts per thousand. Nitrogen contents and delta N-15 values on the same samples were reported in a previous study and vary between 2.6 and 55 ppm, and from 0.8 to 8.1 parts per thousand, respectively. In Cu vs delta Cu-65 and N vs delta N-15 diagrams, the low-strain metagabbros show clear trends, which are not related to subduction-zone metamorphic conditions, and more likely reflect hydrothermal processes. We propose that N and Cu were released concomitantly from metagabbros to hydrothermal fluids. This produced a decrease of N and Cu concentrations in the residual rocks, together with an increase of delta N-15 and a decrease of delta Cu-65. The Cu isotope data, coupled to mineralogical analyses of the metagabbros by SEM, are compatible with partial dissolution of chalcopyrite under oxidative conditions. Nitrogen is not detected in chalcopyrite or in any major or minor mineral phases, probably reflecting the presence of ammonium (NH4+) in trace amounts substituting for Na+ and/or Ca2+ in major phases. The release of Cu and N during hydrothermal alteration is best modeled by Rayleigh distillation in an open system, although a batch equilibrium model cannot be completely discarded. During subduction of the oceanic crust, N was further released to fluids, while Cu was mostly retained in the rocks, a conclusion supported from isotopic and mineralogical analyses. This step resulted in a decrease of N concentration with moderate increase of delta N-15 (<0.5%0), and constant Cu contents and delta Cu-65 values. Accordingly, Cu isotope variability inherited from hydrothermal alteration was preserved in subducted metagabbros, although 90% of the fluids were lost during eclogitization. The present results imply that Cu depletion associated with light isotope enrichments in metagabbros can record the oxidative nature of hydrothermal alteration on the seafloor and be preserved despite late metamorphic overprint. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16235-2 - Evolução da vida e oxigenação da terra primitiva: uma perspectiva a partir da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa SPEC