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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neural Signatures of the Configural Superiority Effect and Fundamental Emergent Features in Human Vision

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Autor(es):
Costa, Thiago Leiros [1, 2] ; Orsten-Hooge, Kimberley [3, 4] ; Rego, Gabriel Gaudencio [1] ; Wagemans, Johan [2] ; Pomerantz, James R. [3] ; Boggio, Paulo Sergio [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Expt Psychol, Leuven - Belgium
[3] Rice Univ, Dept Psychol, Houston, TX 77251 - USA
[4] UT Dallas, Dept Psychol, Dallas, TX - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 8, SEP 17 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The concepts of grouping, emergence, and superadditivity (when a whole is qualitatively different from the sum of its parts) are critical in Gestalt psychology and essential to properly understand the information processing mechanisms underlying visual perception. However, very little is known about the neural processes behind these phenomena (particularly in terms of their generality vs. specificity and their time-course). Here, we used the configural superiority effect as a way to define ``emergence{''} and ``emergent features{''} operationally, employing an approach that can isolate different emergent features and compare them on a common scale. By assessing well-established event related potentials in a HD-EEG system, we found that the critical processes behind configural superiority and superadditive Gestalt phenomena are present in the window between 100 and 200 ms after stimulus onset and that these effects seem to be driven by specific attentional selection mechanisms. Also, some emergent features seem to be differentially processed in different brain hemispheres. These results shed new light on the issues of the generality vs. specificity of the neural correlates of different Gestalt principles, the hemispheric asymmetries in the processing of hierarchical image structure and the role of the N1 ERP component in reflecting feature selective mechanisms. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/11668-5 - Avaliação da organização perceptual em voluntários saudáveis e dois grupos clínicos: pesquisa básica e translacional
Beneficiário:Thiago Leiros Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/18713-9 - Efeito de neurofeedback e estimulação transcraniana por corrente contínua em espectro de frequência eletroencefalográfico durante tarefa atencional
Beneficiário:Gabriel Gaudencio Do Rêgo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado