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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Extreme C-13-depletions and organic sulfur content argue for S-fueled anaerobic methane oxidation in 2.72 Ga old stromatolites

Texto completo
Lepot, Kevin [1, 2] ; Williford, Kenneth H. [3, 2] ; Philippot, Pascal [4, 5] ; Thomazo, Christophe [6] ; Ushikubo, Takayuki [2, 7] ; Kitajima, Kouki [2] ; Mostefaoui, Smail [8] ; Valley, John W. [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Littoral Cote dOpale, CNRS, UMR 8187, Univ Lille, Lab Oceanol & Geosci, F-59000 Lille - France
[2] Univ Wisconsin, NASA Astrobiol Inst, Dept Geosci, WiscSIMS, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[3] CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, 4800 Oak Grove Dr, Pasadena, CA 91109 - USA
[4] Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR 5243, Geosci Montpellier, F-34000 Montpellier - France
[5] Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Inst Phys Globe, CNRS, UMR7154, F-75238 Paris - France
[6] Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, UMR 6282, Biogeosci, F-21000 Dijon - France
[7] JAMSTEC, Kochi Inst Core Sample Res, Nankoku, Kochi 7838502 - Japan
[8] Sorbonne Univ, Museum Natl Hist Nat, CNRS, Inst Mineral Phys Mat & Cosmochim, UMR 7590, IRD, UM, F-75231 Paris - France
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA; v. 244, p. 522-547, JAN 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3

The extreme C-13-depletions recorded in Neoarchean organic matter (OM) have commonly been interpreted as markers of methanotrophy. This methane oxidation metabolism could have been performed using oxidants such as dioxygen, sulfate, nitrite/nitrate, and/or Fe3+- and Mn4+- minerals. Acetogenesis using acetyl-CoA metabolism may produce similar C-13-depletions. We investigated delta C-13 and S/C values of OM in 2.72 Ga old lacustrine stromatolites of the Tumbiana Formation (Australia) using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS), coupled with X-ray spectroscopy. Type-A OM is embedded in quartz and/or chlorite. We show that mixtures of chlorite bias negatively the delta C-13(org) of associated OM measured by SIMS, likely through recombination of hydrogen from chlorite with carbon from OM during analysis. Type-A OM, associated with quartz or interleaved with chlorites (but remote enough to avoid H-recombination), displays delta C-13(org) between -56.1 and -50.6% VPDB (mean: 53.5%, SD +/- 1.8%). The intimate association of Type-A OM with Fe-rich chlorite and its main occurrence in pyritic layers coupled with C-13-depletions is most parsimoniously interpreted as anaerobic methanotrophy using Fe3+- minerals and/or oxidized S. Type-B OM comprises <2-mu m organic globules embedded in calcite. A mass balance correction using the delta C-13 values measured on Type-B globules mixed with calcite and those measured on pure calcite yielded corrected delta C-13{*}(org) values for the globules ranging between -65.2 and -52.5% (mean -58.8%, SD +/- 3.6%). In a context where Fe and S reduction could outcompete acetogenesis for a fraction of any available H-2, these extremely low delta C-13(org) values are difficult to explain with chemoautotrophic acetogenesis. Atomic S/C ratios in Type-B globules reach up to 0.042, i.e. up to tenfold the values (0.003-0.004) in Type A-OM. These organic S concentrations, combined with the extremely low delta C-13{*}(org) values, support anaerobic oxidation of methane coupled to sulfur oxidation. Finally, Type-C OM, interpreted as migrated pyrobitumen nodules, displays delta C-13(org) of -48 to -39.1%. The most extreme low-delta C-13(org) values of the Precambrian are thus best interpreted as the result of lacustrine methanotrophy fueled by oxidized S and/or Fe species, which likely derived from oxygenic and/or anoxygenic photosynthesis. Photosynthesis, followed by methanogenesis and methanotrophy may have been important in lakes at a time of supercontinent growth and eruption of large subaerial igneous provinces. In this context, anaerobic methanotrophy could have played a part in regulating atmospheric methane. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16235-2 - Evolução da vida e oxigenação da terra primitiva: uma perspectiva a partir da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa SPEC