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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Climate change and opposing spatial conservation priorities for anuran protection in the Brazilian hotspots

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Autor(es):
Vasconcelos, Tiago S. [1] ; Prado, Vitor H. M. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-17033360 Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Goias, Campus Anapolis Ciencias Exatas & Tecnol Henrique, BR-75132903 Anapolis, Go - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL FOR NATURE CONSERVATION; v. 49, p. 118-124, JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

In conservation biogeography, the process of spatial conservation prioritization (SCP) aims to select areas that meet biodiversity targets at a minimum set coverage. Here, we propose a SCP scheme for the highly endemic and diverse anuran fauna of the Atlantic Forest (AF) and Cerrado (CER) South American hotspots under different climate change scenarios. Specifically, we make use of predicted anuran occurrences, built for baseline and future (2050 and 2070) time slices, and address biological and conservation metrics to identify potential priority regions for anuran conservation over time using the software MARXAN. Considering each time slice separately, the percentage area needed for total anuran representation varies at magnitudes of 9.8-10.66% for the AF and 6.4-8.8% for the CER. Pooling all time slices together in the selected conservation network, the identified spatial priorities account for 15.56% and 13.25% of the total AF and CER areas respectively. However, we identified opposing strategies for the anuran spatial conservation prioritization in the AF and CER over the different time periods; the increasing of priority cells across time considering the potential species redistribution under climate change in the AF, and the selection of fewer priority cells in the future than the identified for the baseline climate in the CER. The southeastern AF coast was identified as a priority area for amphibian conservation in this hotspot, as well as some other smaller areas in the northern and southern regions. Priority areas identified in the CER, although patchy distributed across the hotspot, are found in specific central-northern, western, and southeastern regions. The different conservation strategies identified in the present SCP emphasize the need for establishing different conservation efforts according to a sequential scheduling of priority areas that optimizes the long-term conservation goals. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/07765-0 - Macroecologia de anfíbios anuros do cerrado e Mata Atlântica: modelagem de distribuição potencial, influência de mudanças climáticas e áreas prioritárias para conservação
Beneficiário:Tiago da Silveira Vasconcelos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 11/18510-0 - Macroecologia de anfíbios anuros do Cerrado e Mata Atlântica: modelagem de distribuição potencial, influência de mudanças climáticas e áreas prioritárias para conservação
Beneficiário:Tiago da Silveira Vasconcelos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores