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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Molecular Data Reveal Multiple Lineages in Piranhas of the Genus Pygocentrus (Teleostei, Characiformes)

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Autor(es):
Mateussi, Nadayca T. B. [1] ; Melo, Bruno F. [1] ; Foresti, Fausto [1] ; Oliveira, Claudio [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Morfol, Rua Prof Doutor Antonio Celso Wagner Zanin 250, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GENES; v. 10, n. 5 MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Carnivorous piranhas are distributed in four serrasalmid genera including Pygocentrus, which inhabit major river basins of South America. While P. cariba and P. piraya are endemics of the Orinoco and SAo Francisco basins, respectively, P. nattereri is widely distributed across the Amazonas, Essequibo, lower Parana, Paraguay, and coastal rivers of northeastern Brazil, with recent records of introductions in Asia. Few studies have focused on the genetic diversity and systematics of Pygocentrus and the putative presence of additional species within P. nattereri has never been the subject of a detailed molecular study. Here we aimed to delimit species of Pygocentrus, test the phylogeographic structure of P. nattereri, and access the origin of introduced specimens of P. nattereri in Asia. Phylogenetic analyses based on a mitochondrial dataset involving maximum-likelihood tree reconstruction, genetic distances, Bayesian analysis, three delimitation approaches, and haplotype analysis corroborate the morphological hypothesis of the occurrence of three species of Pygocentrus. However, we provide here strong evidence that P. nattereri contains at least five phylogeographically-structured lineages in the Amazonas, Guapore (type locality), Itapecuru, Parana/Paraguay, and Tocantins/Araguaia river basins. We finally found that the introduced specimens in Asia consistently descend from the lineage of P. nattereri from the main Rio Amazonas. These results contribute to future research aimed to detect morphological variation that may occur in those genetic lineages of Pygocentrus. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/11313-8 - Filogenia da Ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi) utilizando elementos ultraconservados
Beneficiário:Bruno Francelino de Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/26508-3 - Filogenia da hiperdiversa ordem Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi) utilizando elementos ultraconservados
Beneficiário:Claudio de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático