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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evidence for Snake Venom Plasticity in a Long-Term Study with Individual Captive Bothrops atrox

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Autor(es):
Amazonas, Diana R. [1] ; Freitas-de-Sousa, Luciana A. [1] ; Orefice, Daniele P. [1] ; de Sousa, Leijiane F. [1] ; Martinez, Melissa G. [2] ; Mourao, Rosa H. V. [3] ; Chalkidis, Hipocrates M. [4] ; Camargo, Plinio B. [2] ; Moura-da-Silva, Ana M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Imunopatol, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Ctr Energia Nucl Agr USP, Lab Ecol Isotop, BR-13416000 Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Oeste Para UFOPA, Lab Bioprospeccao & Biol Expt, Programa Posgrad Recursos Nat Amazonia, BR-68040070 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[4] Unama Ctr Univ Amazonia, Lab Pesquisas Zool, BR-68010200 Santarem, PA - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOXINS; v. 11, n. 5 MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Variability in snake venom composition has been frequently reported and correlated to the adaptability of snakes to environmental conditions. Previous studies report plasticity for the venom phenotype. However, these observations are not conclusive, as the results were based on pooled venoms, which present high individual variability. Here we tested the hypothesis of plasticity by influence of confinement and single diet type in the venom composition of 13 adult specimens of Bothrops atrox snakes, maintained under captivity for more than three years. Individual variability in venom composition was observed in samples extracted just after the capture of the snakes. However, composition was conserved in venoms periodically extracted from nine specimens, which presented low variability restricted to the less abundant components. In a second group, composed of four snakes, drastic changes were observed in the venom samples extracted at different periods, mostly related to snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs), the core function toxins of B. atrox venom, which occurred approximately between 400 and 500 days in captivity. These data show plasticity in the venom phenotype during the lifetime of adult snakes maintained under captive conditions. Causes or functional consequences involved in the phenotype modification require further investigations. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/50127-5 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: scales of biodiversity: integrated studies of snake venom evolution and function across multiple levels of diversity
Beneficiário:Inácio de Loiola Meirelles Junqueira de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/13124-2 - Variabilidade em venenos de serpentes Bothrops atrox no oeste do Pará: implicações ecológicas e para a fisiopatologia dos envenenamentos
Beneficiário:Leijiane Figueira de Sousa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado