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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evidence for Snake Venom Plasticity in a Long-Term Study with Individual Captive Bothrops atrox

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Amazonas, Diana R. [1] ; Freitas-de-Sousa, Luciana A. [1] ; Orefice, Daniele P. [1] ; de Sousa, Leijiane F. [1] ; Martinez, Melissa G. [2] ; Mourao, Rosa H. V. [3] ; Chalkidis, Hipocrates M. [4] ; Camargo, Plinio B. [2] ; Moura-da-Silva, Ana M. [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Imunopatol, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Ctr Energia Nucl Agr USP, Lab Ecol Isotop, BR-13416000 Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Oeste Para UFOPA, Lab Bioprospeccao & Biol Expt, Programa Posgrad Recursos Nat Amazonia, BR-68040070 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[4] Unama Ctr Univ Amazonia, Lab Pesquisas Zool, BR-68010200 Santarem, PA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: TOXINS; v. 11, n. 5 MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Variability in snake venom composition has been frequently reported and correlated to the adaptability of snakes to environmental conditions. Previous studies report plasticity for the venom phenotype. However, these observations are not conclusive, as the results were based on pooled venoms, which present high individual variability. Here we tested the hypothesis of plasticity by influence of confinement and single diet type in the venom composition of 13 adult specimens of Bothrops atrox snakes, maintained under captivity for more than three years. Individual variability in venom composition was observed in samples extracted just after the capture of the snakes. However, composition was conserved in venoms periodically extracted from nine specimens, which presented low variability restricted to the less abundant components. In a second group, composed of four snakes, drastic changes were observed in the venom samples extracted at different periods, mostly related to snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs), the core function toxins of B. atrox venom, which occurred approximately between 400 and 500 days in captivity. These data show plasticity in the venom phenotype during the lifetime of adult snakes maintained under captive conditions. Causes or functional consequences involved in the phenotype modification require further investigations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/50127-5 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: scales of biodiversity: integrated studies of snake venom evolution and function across multiple levels of diversity
Grantee:Inácio de Loiola Meirelles Junqueira de Azevedo
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/13124-2 - Variability in Bothrops atrox snake venom from Western Pará: implications for snake ecology and pathophysiology of envenoming
Grantee:Leijiane Figueira de Sousa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate