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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Volcanically Triggered Ocean Warming Near the Antarctic Peninsula

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Autor(es):
Verona, L. S. [1] ; Wainer, I [1] ; Stevenson, S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, IO, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, JUL 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Explosive volcanic eruptions are the largest non-anthropogenic perturbations for Earth's climate, because of the injection of sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere. This causes significant radiation imbalances, resulting in surface cooling for most of the globe. However, despite its crucial importance for Antarctic ice sheet mass balance, the response of the Southern Ocean to eruptions has yet to be understood. After the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991, much of the Southern Ocean cooled; however, off the Antarctic Peninsula a warming of up to 0.8 degrees C is found in the observations. To understand the physical mechanisms associated with this counter-intuitive response, we combine observational analysis from the Mt. Pinatubo eruption with the Last Millennium Ensemble (850-1850) conducted with the Community Earth System Model. These results show not only that the observed warming off the Peninsula following the Mt. Pinatubo eruption is consistent with the forced response to low-latitude eruptions but further, that this warming is a response to roughly 16% weakening of subsurface Weddell Gyre outflow. These changes are triggered by a southward shift of the Southern Hemisphere polar westerlies (similar to 2 degrees latitude). Our results suggest that warming induced by future volcanic eruptions may further enhance the vulnerability of the ice shelves off the Antarctic Peninsula. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/50686-1 - Paleo-vínculos na evolução das monções e dinâmica
Beneficiário:Pedro Leite da Silva Dias
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/17659-0 - Variabilidade e mudanças do Oceano Atlântico Sul desde 850 C.E.: uma abordagem de conjunto com o modelo do sistema terrestre comunitário (desenvolvido no National Center for Atmospheric Research - NCAR)
Beneficiário:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa