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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

LETHAL AND SUBLETHAL EFFECTS OF AMMONIA IN Deuterodon iguape (Eigenmann 1907), POTENTIAL SPECIES FOR BRAZILIAN AQUACULTURE

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Barbieri, Edison [1] ; Lenz, Rafaela Marina [2] ; de Nascimento, America Andrade [2] ; de Almeida, Genesi Lopes [3] ; Roselli, Larissa Yoshida [4] ; Henriques, Marcelo Barbosa [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Governo Estado Sao Paulo, Secretaria Agr & Abastecimento, APTA, Inst Pesca, Av Prof Wladimir Besnard S-N, CP 43, BR-11990000 Cananeia, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Fronteira Sul, Rodovia BR 158 S-N, BR-85301970 Laranjeiras Do Sul, PR - Brazil
[3] CNPq, Conselho Nacl Desenvolvimento Cient & Tecnol, PIBIC, Inst Pesca, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNF SP, Programa Posgrad Biodiversidade, Praca Infante Dom Henrique S-N, Parque Bitaru, BR-11380972 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BOLETIM DO INSTITUTO DE PESCA; v. 45, n. 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The cultivation of the lambari, Deuterodon iguape, supplies much of the Brazilian market with live bait for sport fishing. The high densities used to maximize production can increase the concentration of ammonia. In order to evaluate the sublethal and lethal effects of different concentrations of ammoniacal nitrogen (non-ionized ammonia plus ionized ammonia), D. iguape were exposed to this xenobiotic. The LC50 values for 24, 48, 72, 96 h of ammonia-N were 6.17, 5.57, 3.88 and 2.90 mg L-1 at 23 degrees C. The LC50 values of 24, 48, 72, 96 h of NH3-N (non-ionized ammonia with nitrogen) were 0.015; 0.013; 0.009; 0.007 mg L-1. The specific oxygen consumption increased at the ammonia-N concentrations tested. The values for the concentrations of 0.1; 0.25; 0.5 and 1.0 mg L-1 were: 0.25, 0.33; 0.31 and 0.44 mlO(2) g(-1) h(-1). At the concentration of 1.0 mg L-1 of ammonium chloride there was a 41.33% increase in the consumption level in relation to the control. Ammonia excretion also increased with increasing ammoniacal nitrogen concentration. The fish excreted, on average, 0.0320, 0.0364, 0.0368 and 0.0370 mg/g/h of ammonia. Comparing these results with the means of ammonia excretion of the control (0.0 mg L-1), it was observed that these values represent an increase in the excretion of 146%, 177%, 189% and 184%, respectively. After 24 h of exposure to ammonia, the O:N ratio decreased by 43.46%. Our results indicate pronounced metabolic effects and increased toxicity with increasing ammonia concentrations. We recommend avoiding concentrations higher than 0.25 mg L-1 NH3-N in the culture water. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/24742-1 - Utilização do Lambari Deuterodon Iguape como alternativa de isca-viva para a pesca esportiva estuarina
Beneficiário:Marcelo Barbosa Henriques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular