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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Magnetic wire active microrheology of human respiratory mucus

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Autor(es):
Radiom, Milad [1, 2] ; Henault, Romain [1] ; Mani, Salma [2, 3, 4] ; Iankovski, Aline Grein [1] ; Norel, Xavier [3, 4] ; Berret, Jean-Francois [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Paris, CNRS, Mat & Syst Complexes, F-75013 Paris - France
[2] Swiss Fed Inst Technol, D HEST, Inst Food Nutr & Hlth, Zurich - Switzerland
[3] Univ Paris, INSERM, UMR S 1148, CHU X Bichat, F-75018 Paris - France
[4] Paris 13 Univ, F-93430 Villetaneuse - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOFT MATTER; v. 17, n. 32 JUL 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Mucus is a viscoelastic gel secreted by the pulmonary epithelium in the tracheobronchial region of the lungs. The coordinated beating of cilia moves mucus upwards towards the pharynx, removing inhaled pathogens and particles from the airways. The efficacy of this clearance mechanism depends primarily on the rheological properties of mucus. Here we use magnetic wire based microrheology to study the viscoelastic properties of human mucus collected from human bronchus tubes. The response of wires between 5 and 80 mu m in length to a rotating magnetic field is monitored by optical time-lapse microscopy and analyzed using constitutive equations of rheology, including those of Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt. The static shear viscosity and elastic modulus can be inferred from low frequency (3 x 10(-3)-30 rad s(-1)) measurements, leading to the evaluation of the mucin network relaxation time. This relaxation time is found to be widely distributed, from one to several hundred seconds. Mucus is identified as a viscoelastic liquid with an elastic modulus of 2.5 +/- 0.5 Pa and a static viscosity of 100 +/- 40 Pa s. Our work shows that beyond the established spatial variations in rheological properties due to microcavities, mucus exhibits secondary inhomogeneities associated with the relaxation time of the mucin network that may be important for its flow properties. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/16330-3 - Nanopartículas termo e magneto-responsivas para a fabricação de novos biomarcadores
Beneficiário:Aline Grein Iankovski
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/04571-3 - Nanopartículas Janus magnéticas
Beneficiário:Aline Grein Iankovski
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado