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On the thermodynamic driving force for interpretation of nucleation experiments

Texto completo
Fokin, Vladimir M. [1] ; Zanotto, Edgar D. [2] ; Schmelzer, Juern W. P. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] SI Vavilov State Opt Inst, St Petersburg 193171 - Russia
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, LaMaV Vitreous Mat Lab, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Rostock, Inst Phys, Rostock - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids; v. 356, n. 41-42, p. 2185-2191, SEP 1 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 10

According to the Classical Nucleation Theory (CNT), the volume and surface thermodynamic properties of the nuclei of a new (nucleating) phase are considered to be size independent and hence equal to the respective values of the corresponding macroscopic crystals. However, this assumption leads (if one also considers in addition IT as temperature independent) to a dramatic underestimation of steady-state nucleation rates. In this paper, we propose as a resolution of these problems that one should employ a value of the thermodynamic driving force that is equal to that for formation of macroscopic crystals, but reduced by a constant value. This approach leads to a considerable decrease in the thermodynamic barrier for nucleation. This choice of the thermodynamic driving force for the analysis of nucleation rate data employing the classical equation results in a self-consistent description that allows one not only to obtain the theoretically expected value of the size of the structural units and of the pre-exponential term in the steady-state nucleation rate equation, but also to obtain a more reliable (reduced) value of the crystal/melt interfacial energy than that estimated in the framework of currently utilized CNT approximations. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/00475-0 - Vladimir Mikhailovich Fokin | S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute - Rússia
Beneficiário:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 07/08179-9 - Processos cinéticos em vidros e vitrocerâmicas
Beneficiário:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático