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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Occurrence and behavior of butyltins in intertidal and shallow subtidal surface sediments of an estuarine beach under different sampling conditions

Texto completo
dos Santos, Dayana Moscardi [1] ; Sant'Anna, Bruno Sampaio [2, 3] ; Sandron, Daniela Corsino [4] ; de Souza, Sara Cardoso [4] ; Cristale, Joyce [4] ; Rodrigues de Marchi, Mary Rosa [4] ; Turra, Alexander [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Chem & Geol Oceanog Dept, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Biol Oceanog Dept, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] UNESP Paulista State Univ, Inst Biosci, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP Paulista State Univ, Inst Chem, Dept Analyt Chem, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE; v. 88, n. 3, p. 322-328, JUL 10 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 12

Contamination by butyltin compounds (BTs) has been reported in estuarine environments worldwide, with serious impacts on the biota of these areas. Considering that BTs can be degraded by varying environmental conditions such as incident light and salinity, the short-term variations in such factors may lead to inaccurate estimates of BTs concentrations in nature. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the possibility that measurements of BTs in estuarine sediments are influenced by different sampling conditions, including period of the day (day or night), tidal zone (intertidal or subtidal), and tides (high or low). The study area is located on the Brazilian southeastern coast, Sao Vicente Estuary, at Pescadores Beach, where BT contamination was previously detected. Three replicate samples of surface sediment were collected randomly in each combination of period of the day, tidal zone, and tide condition, from three subareas along the beach, totaling 72 samples. BTs were analyzed by GC-PFPD using a tin filter and a VF-5 column, by means of a validated method. The concentrations of tributyltin (TBT), dibutyltin (DBT), and monobutyltin (MBT) ranged from undetectable to 161 ng Sn g(-1) (d.w.). In most samples (71%), only MBT was quantifiable, whereas TBTs were measured in only 14, suggesting either an old contamination or rapid degradation processes. DBT was found in 27 samples, but could be quantified in only one. MBT concentrations did not differ significantly with time of day, zones, or tide conditions. DBT and TBT could not be compared under all these environmental conditions, because only a few samples were above the quantification limit. Pooled samples of TBT did not reveal any difference between day and night. These results indicated that, in assessing contamination by butyltin compounds, surface-sediment samples can be collected in any environmental conditions. However, the wide variation of BTs concentrations in the study area, i.e., over a very small geographic scale, illustrates the need for representative hierarchical and composite sampling designs that are compatible with the multiscalar temporal and spatial variability common to most marine systems. The use of such sampling designs will be necessary for future attempts to quantitatively evaluate and monitor the occurrence and impact of these compounds in nature. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/57007-3 - Avaliação da contaminação do ermitão Clibanarius vittatus (Decapoda, Anomura) por TBT (tributilestanho) na natureza e determinação experimental de sua via de assimilação, tempo de depuração e efeito na intersexualidade
Beneficiário:Alexander Turra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 06/61589-8 - Análise experimental da contaminação do ermitão Clibanarius vittatus (Decapoda, Anomura) por TBT (tributilestanho): em busca de uma resposta para a intersexualidade em ermitões
Beneficiário:Bruno Sampaio Sant'Anna
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado