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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

FINDING FOSSIL GROUPS: OPTICAL IDENTIFICATION AND X-RAY CONFIRMATION

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Autor(es):
Miller, Eric D. [1] ; Rykoff, Eli S. [2] ; Dupke, Renato A. [3, 4, 5] ; de Oliveira, Claudia Mendes [6] ; de Oliveira, Raimundo Lopes [7, 8] ; Proctor, Robert N. [6] ; Garmire, Gordon P. [9] ; Koester, Benjamin P. [10] ; McKay, Timothy A. [11]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
Mostrar menos -
[1] MIT, Kavli Inst Astrophys & Space Res, Cambridge, MA 02139 - USA
[2] EO Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[3] Eureka Sci Inc, Oakland, CA 94602 - USA
[4] Observ Nacl, BR-20921400 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[5] Univ Michigan, Dept Astron, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Astron, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfericas, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Fis, BR-49100000 Sao Cristovao, SE - Brazil
[9] Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Davey Lab 525, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[10] Univ Chicago, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Chicago, IL 60637 - USA
[11] Univ Michigan, Dept Phys, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 747, n. 2 MAR 10 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

We report the discovery of 12 new fossil groups (FGs) of galaxies, systems dominated by a single giant elliptical galaxy and cluster-scale gravitational potential, but lacking the population of bright galaxies typically seen in galaxy clusters. These FGs, selected from the maxBCG optical cluster catalog, were detected in snapshot observations with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We detail the highly successful selection method, with an 80% success rate in identifying 12 FGs from our target sample of 15 candidates. For 11 of the systems, we determine the X-ray luminosity, temperature, and hydrostatic mass, which do not deviate significantly from expectations for normal systems, spanning a range typical of rich groups and poor clusters of galaxies. A small number of detected FGs are morphologically irregular, possibly due to past mergers, interaction of the intra-group medium with a central active galactic nucleus (AGN), or superposition of multiple massive halos. Two-thirds of the X-ray-detected FGs exhibit X-ray emission associated with the central brightest cluster galaxy (BCG), although we are unable to distinguish between AGN and extended thermal galaxy emission using the current data. This sample representing a large increase in the number of known FGs, will be invaluable for future planned observations to determine FG temperature, gas density, metal abundance, and mass distributions, and to compare to normal (non-fossil) systems. Finally, the presence of a population of galaxy-poor systems may bias mass function determinations that measure richness from galaxy counts. When used to constrain power spectrum normalization and Omega(m), these biased mass functions may in turn bias these results. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/08341-3 - Astrofísica de altas energias
Beneficiário:Raimundo Lopes de Oliveira Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 09/06295-7 - Astrofísica de altas energias
Beneficiário:Raimundo Lopes de Oliveira Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores