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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

LLDPE/Proton Exchanged Layered Niobate K4Nb6O17 Nanocomposites

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Autor(es):
Otaguro, H. [1, 2] ; Ruvolo-Filho, A. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Mat Engn, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL POLYMER PROCESSING; v. 27, n. 4, p. 406-413, AUG 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The potassium hexaniobate was synthesized by reacting, in stoichiometric proportions, Nb2O5 and K2CO3 at 1100 degrees C and modified with octadecylamine from an acid-base reaction. Through X-ray diffraction, an interlayer space of 4.27 nm was observed in comparison with 0.79 nm of unmodified oxide; this was also shown by SEM microscopy. The hybrid nanofiller previously obtained was incorporated into LLDPE by melt intercalation (0 up to 10 wt.%) using a twin screw extruder and LLDPE-g-MAH as compatibilizer. From TGA results, all nanocomposites (LLDPE/LLDPE-g-MAH/lamellar oxide) have increased the onset degradation temperature, while the oxide lost during processing for LLDPE/LLDPE-g-MAH/lamellar oxide nanocomposites was higher for the highest content in comparison with LLDPE matrix. According to the Eyring equation, the activation volume of the samples could be calculated using the relationship between the yield strength and strain rate from tensile stress-strain curves. The activation volume decreased with increase of nanofiller concentration, suggesting a good adhesion between the layered oxide and the polymeric matrix for high concentration. This can be attributed to the restricted segmental motion near the nanofiller/polymeric interface, while a poor interaction between them was observed for low concentration. However, the Young's modulus showed a 50 % improvement for low nanofiller concentration, especially in the case of 1 wt.% of nanofiller, which was also confirmed by modulus and toughness balance. Considering all the results, it has been revealed that the proton exchanged layered niobate can improve the thermal and mechanical properties of LLDPE/LLDPE-g-MAH/lamellar oxide nanocomposites. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/61008-5 - Sistemas poliméricos nanoestruturados: processamento e propriedades
Beneficiário:Rosario Elida Suman Bretas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático