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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil CO2 emission and its relation to soil properties in sugarcane areas under Slash-and-burn and Green harvest

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Panosso, A. R. [1] ; Marques, Jr., J. [1] ; Milori, D. M. B. P. [2] ; Ferraudo, A. S. [1] ; Barbieri, D. M. [1] ; Pereira, G. T. [1] ; La Scala, Jr., N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] FCAV UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Agr Instrumentat, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 111, n. 2, p. 190-196, Jan. 2011.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências Agrárias - Agronomia
Citações Web of Science: 40
Assunto(s):Solos   Dióxido de carbono   Plantas cultivadas   Cana-de-açúcar
Resumo

Soil CO2 emission (FCO2) has been related to soil properties that are strongly influenced by agricultural management. The objective of this work was to study FCO2 and its relation to soil properties in adjacent areas cropped with sugarcane managed with Slash-and-burn (SB) and Green (G) harvest. FCO2 was significantly higher (p < 0.01; 2.74 μmol m-2 s-1 in SB and 2.07 μmol m-2 s-1 in G) in SB. Total emission in the 70-day period after harvest was also higher in the SB plot (729 g CO2 m-2) when compared to the G (557 g CO2 m-2) plot. Organic matter content and carbon stock (0-25 cm) were 13% and 20% higher in SB, respectively, when compared to G. Other soil properties that presented significant difference between plots were pH, available phosphorus, sum of bases, cation exchange capacity, texture, and humification index of soil organic matter. The SB plot presented higher spatial variations in the majority of the soil properties, including FCO2, when compared to the G plot. Principal component analysis sustains the distinction of two groups, G soil samples and SB soil samples, separately. Regression analysis was able to explain up to 75% and 45% of the FCO2 spatial variability in SB and G harvested areas, respectively, and indicates that the humification index of soil organic matter, and its interaction with soil bulk density, is an important factor not just to differentiate emissions in each plot. Linear correlation between humification and FCO2 in each management system shows a positive correlation (p < 0.10) in the G area and negative correlation (p < 0.05) in the SB area. In addition, the interaction between humification index and bulk density relates better than others properties with soil CO2 emission, with this property being the most important to understand the emission variability in the Slash-and-burn area. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58187-0 - Impacto das práticas de gestão sobre a emissão de CO2 do solo em áreas de produção de cana, Sul do Brasil
Beneficiário:Newton La Scala Júnior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático