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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Thermodynamic and kinetic investigations of phosphate adsorption onto hydrous niobium oxide prepared by homogeneous solution method

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rodrigues, Liana Alvares [1] ; Caetano Pinto da Silva, Maria Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DESALINATION; v. 263, n. 1-3, p. 29-35, NOV 30 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 65
Resumo

The adsorption kinetics of phosphate onto Nb(2)O(5)center dot nH(2)O was investigated at initial phosphate concentrations 10 and 50 mg L(-1). The kinetic process was described by a pseudo second-order rate model very well. The adsorption thermodynamics was carried out at 298, 308, 318, 328 and 338 K. The positive values of both Delta H and Delta S suggest an endothermic reaction and increase in randomness at the solid-liquid interface during the adsorption. Delta G values obtained were negative indicating a spontaneous adsorption process. The Langmuir model described the data better than the Freundlich isotherm model. The peak appearing at 1050 cm(-1) in IR spectra after adsorption was attributed to the bending vibration of adsorbed phosphate. The effective desorption could be achieved using water at pH 12. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/05421-0 - Síntese de nanopartículas de óxido de nióbio hidratado via microemulsão inversa
Beneficiário:Liana Alvares Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado