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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Characterization of the Endoglucanase Cel12A from Gloeophyllum trabeum Reveals an Enzyme Highly Active on beta-Glucan

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Miotto, Lis Schwartz [1] ; de Rezende, Camila Alves [2] ; Bernardes, Amanda [1] ; Serpa, Viviane Isabel [1] ; Tsang, Adrian [3] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Grp Biotecnol Mol, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Quim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Concordia Univ, Ctr Struct & Funct Genom, Montreal, PQ - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 9 SEP 24 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

The basidiomycete fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum causes a typical brown rot and is known to use reactive oxygen species in the degradation of cellulose. The extracellular Cel12A is one of the few endo-1,4-beta-glucanase produced by G. trabeum. Here we cloned cel12A and heterologously expressed it in Aspergillus niger. The identity of the resulting recombinant protein was confirmed by mass spectrometry. We used the purified GtCel12A to determine its substrate specificity and basic biochemical properties. The G. trabeum Cel12A showed highest activity on beta-glucan, followed by lichenan, carboxymethylcellulose, phosphoric acid swollen cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, and filter paper. The optimal pH and temperature for enzymatic activity were, respectively, 4.5 and 50 degrees C on beta-glucan. Under these conditions specific activity was 239.2 +/- 9.1 U mg(-1) and the half-life of the enzyme was 84.6 +/- 3.5 hours. Thermofluor studies revealed that the enzyme was most thermal stable at pH 3. Using beta-glucan as a substrate, the K-m was 3.2 +/- 0.5 mg mL(-1) and the V-max was 0.41 +/- 0.02 mu mol min(-1). Analysis of the effects of GtCel12A on oat spelt and filter paper by scanning electron microscopy revealed the morphological changes taking place during the process. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/52362-5 - Targeted analysis of microbial lignocellulolytic secretomes: a new approach to enzyme discovery
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/08233-9 - Estudos moleculares, estruturais e funcionais da Cel12A de Gloeophyllum trabeum, uma endo-1,4-²-glucanase da família 12 de hidrolases de glicosídeos
Beneficiário:Lis Schwartz Miotto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 12/22802-9 - Estudos funcionais e estruturais dos módulos de ligação a carboidratos das hidrolases de glicosídeos
Beneficiário:Amanda Bernardes Muniz
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/56255-9 - Structure and function of enzymes and auxiliary proteins from Trichoderma, active in cell-wall hydrolysis
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/52840-7 - Centro de Processos Biológicos e Industriais para Biocombustíveis - CeProBIO
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático