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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Correlates of experimentation with smoking and current cigarette consumption among adolescents

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Autor(es):
Bonilha, Amanda Gimenes [1] ; Ruffino-Netto, Antonio [1] ; Sicchieri, Mayara Piani [1] ; Achcar, Jorge Alberto [1] ; Rodrigues-Junior, Antonio Luiz [1] ; Baddini-Martinez, Jose [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia; v. 40, n. 6, p. 634-642, NOV-DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze social characteristics and stress as correlates of cigarette smoking in adolescence. The main intent was to identify elements that distinguish adolescents who had experimented with smoking and did not progress to regular smoking from those who became current smokers. Methods: Students at 10 high schools in the city of Ribeirao Preto, Brazil, completed a questionnaire based on an instrument employed in a similar large-scale study. The students were classified as never-smokers or experimenters. The experimenters were subcategorized as having become current smokers or nonprogressors. Analyses were performed using adjusted logistic models. Results: A total of 2,014 students (mean age, 16.2 +/- 1.1 years; females, 53%) completed the questionnaire. We categorized 1,283 students (63.7%) as never-smokers, 244 (12.1%) as current smokers, and 487 (24.2%) as nonprogressors. We found that experimentation with smoking was associated with being held back a grade in school (OR = 1.80), alcohol intake (low/occasional, OR = 8.92; high/regular, OR = 2.64), illicit drug use (OR = 9.32), having a sibling or cousin who smokes (OR = 1.39), having a friend who smokes (OR = 2.08), and high levels of stress (in females only, OR = 1.32). Factors associated with an increased risk of transitioning from experimenter to current smoker were alcohol intake (low/occasional, OR = 3.28; high/regular, OR = 2.16), illicit drug use (OR = 3.61), and having a friend who smokes (OR = 7.20). Conclusions: Current smoking was associated with a profile of socioeconomic correlates different from that associated with experimentation only. Our data (showing that current smoking was associated with having a friend who smokes, alcohol intake, and illicit drug use) suggest the need for comprehensive approaches to discourage substance use during adolescence. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/50562-0 - Estudo do tabagismo no ensino médio de Ribeirão Preto (estabem-rp)
Beneficiário:Amanda Gimenes Bonilha
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado