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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Study of colloidal properties of natural and Al-pillared smectite and removal of copper ions from an aqueous solution

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sartor, Lucas Resmini [1] ; de Azevedo, Antonio Carlos [1] ; Pugliese Andrade, Gabriel Ramatis [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo ESALQ USP, Dept Ciencia Solo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY; v. 36, n. 6, p. 786-795, MAR 19 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

In this study, an Al-pillared smectite was synthesized and changes in its colloidal properties were investigated. The pillaring solution was prepared by mixing 0.4 mol L-1 NaOH and 0.2 mol L-1 AlCl3.6H(2)O solutions. Intercalated clays were heated to obtain the pillared clay, and X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and N-2 sorption/desorption isotherms analysis were done to characterize the changes in clay properties. Moreover, adsorption experiments were carried out in order to evaluate the capacity of the pillared clays to remove Cu2+ from an aqueous solution and to characterize the interaction between adsorbent and adsorbate. The results indicate that the natural clay has a basal spacing of 1.26 nm, whereas the pillared clays reached 1.78 nm (500 degrees C) and 1.80 nm (350 degrees C) after calcination. XRF analysis revealed an increase in the Al3+ in the pillared clay as compared to the natural clay. The surface area and pore volume (micro and mesoporous) were higher for the pillared clays. Experimental data from the adsorption experiment were fit to Langmuir and Freundlich and Temkin adsorption models, and the former one was the best fit (highest r(2) value) for all the clays and lower standard deviation (Delta g%) for the natural clay. On the other hand, the Temkin model exhibited Delta g% value lower for the pillared clays. Thermodynamics parameters demonstrate that the Cu2+ adsorption process is spontaneous for all the clays, but with higher values for the pillared materials. In addition, application of the Dubinin-Radushkevich model revealed that the bond between the metal and the clay are weak, characterizing a physisorption. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/08257-2 - Pilarização de filossilicatos e comparação com minerais 2:1HE isolados do solo.
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/19270-5 - Síntese e estudo de propriedades coloidais e de superfície de esmectita pilarizada com alumínio
Beneficiário:Lucas Resmini Sartor
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado