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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Preferential degradation of polyphenols from Sphagnum-4-Isopropenylphenol as a proxy for past hydrological conditions in Sphagnum-dominated peat

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Schellekens, Judith [1, 2] ; Bindler, Richard [3] ; Martinez-Cortizas, Antonio [2] ; McClymont, Erin L. [4] ; Abbott, Geoffrey D. [5] ; Biester, Harald [6] ; Pontevedra-Pombal, Xabier [2] ; Buurman, Peter [7]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Soil Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Dept Edafol & Quim Agr, Fac Biol, Santiago De Compostela 15782, La Coruna - Spain
[3] Umea Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, SE-90187 Umea - Sweden
[4] Univ Durham, Dept Geog, Durham ND1 3LE - England
[5] Newcastle Univ, Sch Civil Engn & Geosci, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, Tyne & Wear - England
[6] Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, AG Umweltgeochem, Inst Geookol, Braunschweig - Germany
[7] Wageningen Univ, Earth Syst Sci Grp, NL-6700 AA Wageningen - Netherlands
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA; v. 150, p. 74-89, FEB 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

The net accumulation of remains of Sphagnum spp. is fundamental to the development of many peatlands. The effect of polyphenols from Sphagnum on decomposition processes is frequently cited but has barely been studied. The central area of the Rodmossamyran peatland (Sweden) is an open lawn that consists mostly of Sphagnum spp. with a very low contribution from vascular plants. In order to determine the effects of decay on sphagnum phenols, 53 samples of a 2.7 m deep core from this lawn were analysed with pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (pyrolysis-GC-MS) and compared with more traditional decomposition proxies such as C/N ratio, UV light transmission of alkaline peat extracts, and bulk density. Factor analysis of 72 quantified pyrolysis products suggested that the variation in 4-isopropenylphenol was largely determined by aerobic decomposition instead of Sphagnum abundance. In order to evaluate the effects of aerobic decay in Sphagnum peat, down-core records from different climatic regions were compared using molecular markers for plant biopolymers and C/N ratio. These included markers for lignin from vascular plants ((di) methoxyphenols), polyphenols from Sphagnum spp. (4-isopropenylphenol), and cellulose (levoglucosan). Our results indicate that polyphenols from Sphagnum are preferentially degraded over polysaccharides; consequently the variability of the marker for sphagnum acid, 4-isopropenylphenol, was found indicative of decomposition instead of reflecting the abundance of Sphagnum remains. The fact that 4-isopropenylphenol is aerobically degraded in combination with its specificity for Sphagnum spp. makes it a consistent indicator of past hydrological conditions in Sphagnum-dominated peat. In contrast, the variability of C/N records in Sphagnum-dominated peat was influenced by both vegetation shifts and decomposition, and the dominant effect differed between the studied peatlands. Our results provide direction for modelling studies that try to predict possible feedback mechanisms between peatlands and future climate change, and indicate that the focus in Sphagnum decay studies should be on carbohydrates rather than on phenolic compounds. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/03953-9 - Dinâmica da matéria orgânica em organossolos de turfeiras tropicais (Diamantina-MG, Brasil) - desenvolvimento de proxies moleculares para a reconstrução de mudanças paleoambientais
Beneficiário:Judith Schellekens
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado