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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

U1 snDNA clusters in grasshoppers: chromosomal dynamics and genomic organization

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Autor(es):
Anjos, A. [1] ; Ruiz-Ruano, F. J. [2] ; Camacho, J. P. M. [2] ; Loreto, V. [3] ; Cabrero, J. [2] ; de Souza, M. J. [3] ; Cabral-de-Mello, D. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Biol, Inst Biociencias IB, Rio Claro - Brazil
[2] UGR Univ Granada, Fac Ciencias, Dept Genet, Granada - Spain
[3] UFPE Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Genet, Ctr Ciencias Biol CCB, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HEREDITY; v. 114, n. 2, p. 207-219, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

The spliceosome, constituted by a protein set associated with small nuclear RNA (snRNA), is responsible for mRNA maturation through intron removal. Among snRNA genes, U1 is generally a conserved repetitive sequence. To unveil the chromosomal/genomic dynamics of this multigene family in grasshoppers, we mapped U1 genes by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 70 species belonging to the families Proscopiidae, Pyrgomorphidae, Ommexechidae, Romaleidae and Acrididae. Evident clusters were observed in all species, indicating that, at least, some U1 repeats are tandemly arrayed. High conservation was observed in the first four families, with most species carrying a single U1 cluster, frequently located in the third or fourth longest autosome. By contrast, extensive variation was observed among Acrididae, from a single chromosome pair carrying U1 to all chromosome pairs carrying it, with occasional occurrence of two or more clusters in the same chromosome. DNA sequence analysis in Eyprepocnemis plorans (species carrying U1 clusters on seven different chromosome pairs) and Locusta migratoria (carrying U1 in a single chromosome pair) supported the coexistence of functional and pseudogenic lineages. One of these pseudogenic lineages was truncated in the same nucleotide position in both species, suggesting that it was present in a common ancestor to both species. At least in E. plorans, this U1 snDNA pseudogenic lineage was associated with 5S rDNA and short interspersed elements (SINE)-like mobile elements. Given that we conclude in grasshoppers that the U1 snDNA had evolved under the birth- and-death model and that its intragenomic spread might be related with mobile elements. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/19481-3 - Contribuições a elucidação do significado biológico de cromossomos B utilizando como modelos Rhammatocerus brasiliensis (Orthoptera) e Haplochromis obliquidens (Teleostei): estrutura, evolução e padrões de modificações em proteínas histônicas
Beneficiário:Diogo Cavalcanti Cabral de Mello
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular