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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Conformational Changes in a Hyperthermostable Glycoside Hydrolase: Enzymatic Activity Is a Consequence of the Loop Dynamics and Protonation Balance

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Oliveira, Leandro C. [1] ; da Silva, Viviam M. [2] ; Colussi, Francieli [2] ; Cabral, Aline D. [2] ; de Oliveira Neto, Mario [3] ; Squina, Fabio M. [4] ; Garcia, Wanius [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Fis, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed ABC UFABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fis & Biofis, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 2 FEB 27 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

Endo-beta-1, 4-mannanase from Thermotoga petrophila (TpMan) is a modular hyperthermostable enzyme involved in the degradation of mannan-containing polysaccharides. The degradation of these polysaccharides represents a key step for several industrial applications. Here, as part of a continuing investigation of TpMan, the region corresponding to the GH5 domain (TpManGH5) was characterized as a function of pH and temperature. The results indicated that the enzymatic activity of the TpManGH5 is pH-dependent, with its optimum activity occurring at pH 6. At pH 8, the studies demonstrated that TpManGH5 is a molecule with a nearly spherical tightly packed core displaying negligible flexibility in solution, and with size and shape very similar to crystal structure. However, TpManGH5 experiences an increase in radius of gyration in acidic conditions suggesting expansion of the molecule. Furthermore, at acidic pH values, TpManGH5 showed a less globular shape, probably due to a loop region slightly more expanded and flexible in solution (residues Y88 to A105). In addition, molecular dynamics simulations indicated that conformational changes caused by pH variation did not change the core of the TpManGH5, which means that only the above mentioned loop region presents high degree of fluctuations. The results also suggested that conformational changes of the loop region may facilitate polysaccharide and enzyme interaction. Finally, at pH 6 the results indicated that TpManGH5 is slightly more flexible at 65 degrees C when compared to the same enzyme at 20 degrees C. The biophysical characterization presented here is well correlated with the enzymatic activity and provide new insight into the structural basis for the temperature and pH-dependent activity of the TpManGH5. Also, the data suggest a loop region that provides a starting point for a rational design of biotechnological desired features. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/21054-9 - Estudos biofísicos e da ação sinérgica de enzimas termofílicas envolvidas na hidrólise de mananas
Beneficiário:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/13242-7 - Estudos de modelos de mecanismos enzimáticos para o aprimoramento da produção de biocombustíveis
Beneficiário:Leandro Cristante de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58037-9 - Geração de biblioteca para conversão enzimática de biomassa a partir de metagenoma do solo
Beneficiário:Fábio Márcio Squina
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/03503-0 - Estudos da estabilidade, flexibilidade e atividade enzimática da beta-mananase da bactéria hipertermofílica Thermotoga petrophila
Beneficiário:Viviam Moura da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado