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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Exercise training prevents the deterioration in the arterial baroreflex control of sympathetic nerve activity in chronic heart failure patients

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Groehs, Raphaela V. [1] ; Toschi-Dias, Edgar [1] ; Antunes-Correa, Ligia M. [1] ; Trevizan, Patricia F. [1] ; Rondon, Maria Urbana P. B. [2] ; Oliveira, Patricia [1] ; Alves, Maria J. N. N. [1] ; Almeida, Dirceu R. [3] ; Middlekauff, Holly R. [4] ; Negrao, Carlos E. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Div Cardiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Dept Med Cardiol & Physiol, Los Angeles, CA 90095 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY; v. 308, n. 9, p. H1096-H1102, MAY 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Arterial baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (ABRMSNA) is impaired in chronic systolic heart failure (CHF). The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that exercise training would improve the gain and reduce the time delay of ABRMSNA in CHF patients. Twenty-six CHF patients, New York Heart Association Functional Class II-III, EF <= 40%, peak (V) over dot O-2 <= 20 ml.kg(-1).min(-1) were divided into two groups: untrained (UT, n = 13, 57 +/- 3 years) and exercise trained (ET, n = 13, 49 +/- 3 years). Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was directly recorded by microneurography technique. Arterial pressure was measured on a beat-to-beat basis. Time series of MSNA and systolic arterial pressure were analyzed by autoregressive spectral analysis. The gain and time delay of ABRMSNA was obtained by bivariate autoregressive analysis. Exercise training was performed on a cycle ergometer at moderate intensity, three 60-min sessions per week for 16 wk. Baseline MSNA, gain and time delay of ABRMSNA, and low frequency of MSNA (LFMSNA) to high-frequency ratio (HFMSNA) (LFMSNA/HFMSNA) were similar between groups. ET significantly decreased MSNA. MSNA was unchanged in the UT patients. The gain and time delay of ABRMSNA were unchanged in the ET patients. In contrast, the gain of ABRMSNA was significantly reduced {[}3.5 +/- 0.7 vs. 1.8 +/- 0.2, arbitrary units (au)/mmHg, P = 0.04] and the time delay of ABRMSNA was significantly increased (4.6 +/- 0.8 vs. 7.9 +/- 1.0 s, P = 0.05) in the UT patients. LFMSNA-to-HFMSNA ratio tended to be lower in the ET patients (P < 0.08). Exercise training prevents the deterioration of ABRMSNA in CHF patients. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/15651-7 - Efeitos do treinamento físico aeróbio associado ao treinamento muscular inspiratório na miopatia esquelética em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Lígia de Moraes Antunes Corrêa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07651-7 - Valor prognóstico do padrão oscilatório da atividade nervosa simpática muscular em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Edgar Toschi Dias
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/50048-1 - Bases celulares e funcionais do exercício físico na doença cardiovascular
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático