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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Land-use system shapes soil bacterial communities in Southeastern Amazon region

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Autor(es):
Mendes, Lucas William [1, 2] ; de Lima Brossi, Maria Julia [1] ; Kuramae, Eiko Eurya [2] ; Tsai, Siu Mui [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Cell & Mol Biol Lab, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr CENA, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Netherlands Inst Ecol NIOO KNAW, Dept Microbial Ecol, Wageningen - Netherlands
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY; v. 95, p. 151-160, NOV 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 38
Resumo

The expansion of the agriculture has become the main agent of disturbance in the Amazon region, and such alteration has consequences on soil microbial communities, which represent the majority of biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems. In this study we assessed the effects of land-use changes on physicochemical soil properties and, consequently, on the bacterial communities in soils from Southeastern Amazon, Brazil. Soil samples were collected in four distinct land-use systems, i.e. native forest, deforested area, agricultural and pasture fields. The soil bacterial community abundance, structure and composition were addressed using qPCR, one molecular marker (T-RFLP) and high-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene, respectively. Obtained data were analyzed using multivariate techniques. We found that the type of land-use had a primary effect on the soil bacterial communities, whereas parameters such as pH, C, N, NO3- and K content significantly correlated to overall community structures. We observed that the abundance and taxonomic diversity of the bacterial 16S rRNA changed to a higher extent according to the land-use system, but they also showed significant temporal turnover within sites. From the total 27 bacterial phyla identified, 12 presented clearly differential distribution across the four land-use systems. Comparison among all sites revealed Acidobacteria and Chlamydiae to be higher abundant in forest soil, Actinobacteria in deforested site, Nitrospira and Deinococcus-Thermus in agriculture and Firmicutes in pasture. When data of specific phyla were correlated to specific soil properties, we demonstrated that parameters such as Al saturation index, Al, base saturation index, Mg and Ca presented correlation with the most number of bacterial groups detected. Thus, we suggest that several soil parameters besides pH should be taken into account when assessing the impacts of land-use change on the microbial communities. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58114-3 - Monitoring the microbial diversity and functional activities in response to land-use changes and deforestation under soybean and sugarcane cultivations
Beneficiário:Tsai Siu Mui
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/51749-6 - Bioindicadores funcionais para monitoramento da qualidade do solo para o manejo sustentável da produção de biomassa em cana-de-açúcar (BIOSQ)
Beneficiário:Tsai Siu Mui
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/20353-7 - Análise das comunidades microbianas em solos sob diferentes usos da terra na fronteira de expansão agrícola no Sudoeste da Amazônia
Beneficiário:Lucas William Mendes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado