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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Lignin biosynthesis in sugarcane is affected by low temperature

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dos Santos, Adriana Brombini [1, 2] ; Bottcher, Alexandra [1, 3] ; Vicentini, Renato [4] ; Sampaio Mayer, Juliana Lischka [1] ; Kiyota, Eduardo [1] ; Landell, Marcos A. G. [5] ; Creste, Silvana [5] ; Mazzafera, Paulo [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA Soja, BR-86001970 Londrina, PR - Brazil
[3] CTC, BR-13400160 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Inst Agron Campinas, Ctr Cana, BR-14001970 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 8

Sugarcane is an abundant and promising source of plant biomass for biofuel production. The use of biomass for conversion to ethanol is limited by the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic material mainly due to the presence of lignin. This study characterised some aspects of lignification in the stem of two sugarcane genotypes grown under low (Cl') and warmer (HT - reference) temperatures. Stems were separated in young and mature culms and the culms were separated in cortex (rind) and medulla (pith). Plants of the genotype IACSP04-627, which has more lignin in the stem, grew better (fresh weight of the stem) than IACSP04-065 under HT. Cold negatively affected plant growth but apparently IACSPO4-065 was more sensitive than the other genotype. Lignin content was significantly increased in the young rind of IACSP04-627 plants at CT, what could not be directly correlated with the expression profile of genes of the monolignols biosynthesis. Lignin content in mature rind was reduced in IACSP04-065 plants exposed to CT, what could be correlated with the low expression level of the genes ShCAD2, ShCOMT1 and ShCCoAOMT1. The high expression of ShF5H occurred preferentially in mature pith of both sugarcane genotypes, what is possibly related with the early formation of the secondary cell wall induced by low temperature. In conclusion, lignin deposition in sugarcane under low temperature seems to be differentially regulated in rind and pith tissues and it is genotype-dependent. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58035-6 - Control of lignin biosynthesis in sugar cane: many gaps still to be filled
Beneficiário:Paulo Mazzafera
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático