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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Chemical and rheological properties of exopolysaccharides produced by four isolates of rhizobia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Moretto, Cristiane [1] ; Luque Castellane, Tereza Cristina [1] ; Lopes, Erica Mendes [1] ; Omori, Wellington Pine [1] ; Sacco, Lais Postai [1] ; de Macedo Lemos, Eliana Gertrudes [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Tecnol, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules; v. 81, p. 291-298, NOV 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

The rheological, physicochemical properties, emulsification and stability of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) from four rhizobia isolates (LBMP-C01, LBMP-CO2, LBMP-CO3 and LBMP-C04) were studied. The EPS yields of isolates under these experimental conditions were in the range of 1.5-6.63 g L-1. The LEMP-C04 isolate, which presented the highest EPS production (6.63 g L-1), was isolated from Arachis pintoi and was identified as a Rhizotrium sp. strain that could be explored as a possible potential source for the production of extracellular heteropolysaccharides. All polymers showed a pseudoplastic non-Newtonian fluid behavior or shear thinning property in aqueous solutions. Among the four EPS tested against hydrocarbons, EPS LBMP-C01 was found to be more effective against hexane, olive and soybean oils (89.94%, 82.75% and 81.15%, respectively). Importantly, we found that changes in pH (2-11) and salinity (0-30%) influenced the emulsification of diesel oil by the EPSs. EPSLBMP-C04 presented optimal emulsification capacity at pH 10 (E-24 = 53%) and 30% salinity (E-24 = 27%). These findings contribute to the understanding of the influence of the chemical composition, physical properties and biotechnology applications of rhizobial EPS solutions their bioemulsifying properties. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/11957-6 - Construção de mutantes no gene exoZ envolvido na síntese das subunidades repetitivas do EPS e nos genes phbA, phbB e phbC responsáveis pela síntese de PHB em Rhizobium tropici SEMIA 4080
Beneficiário:Eliana Gertrudes de Macedo Lemos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular