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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Patch size matters for amphibians in tropical fragmented landscapes

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Autor(es):
Almeida-Gomes, Mauricio [1] ; Vieira, Marcus Vinicius [1] ; Duarte Rocha, Carlos Frederico [2] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [3] ; De Coster, Greet [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Ecol, Lab Vertebrados, Ave Carlos Chagas Filho 373, BR-21941902 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Dept Ecol, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, BR-20550900 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Life Sci, Grand Challenges Ecosyst & Environm, Silwood Pk Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, Berks - England
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Conservation; v. 195, p. 89-96, MAR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Several factors may affect the persistence of amphibian species in tropical fragmented landscapes, including the size of remaining patches. While fragment size is considered the main factor acting on species diversity for most taxa, it is less clear how it affects amphibian diversity. A possible reason is that the scale at which previous studies were conducted was too small (only few forest fragments and/or a small range of fragment sizes considered) and/or the sampling method was not the most optimal one. We investigate whether amphibian diversity is affected by patch size in the largest study (in terms of number of fragments and range of fragment sizes) ever conducted in tropical forests. We predicted that larger forest remnants hold higher amphibian diversity compared to smaller patches, and that continuously forest sites were more diverse than forest fragments. We used the visual encounter survey method to collect data from 24 sites (21 forest fragments between 1.9 and 619 ha and three sites within a large continuous forest remnant) located in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a highly threatened biodiversity hotspot. We recorded a total of 2839 individuals from 50 species. In line with our predictions, larger fragments had more species, more integer communities and a larger diversity of reproductive modes than smaller ones. In addition, we found higher values for all diversity measures in continuous forest sites compared to fragments. These results indicate that continuous forests are irreplaceable for amphibian conservation, but also show that large forest fragments outside these areas are important for sustaining amphibian diversity. Our study provides robust empirical evidence for the importance of fragment size for amphibian persistence in tropical fragmented landscapes and highlights the need for an adequate sampling design and method that enable the detection of a higher number of species. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/14746-7 - Funções ecossistêmicas de aves em um cenário de mudanças climáticas
Beneficiário:Greet de Coster
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/06866-7 - A recuperação das funções ecossistêmicas prestadas pelas aves em florestas secundárias da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Greet de Coster
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado